War and Peace in the Nuclear Age; Visions of War and Peace; Interview with Henry Genrikh Aleksandrovich Trofimenko, 1987
Part of War and Peace in the Nuclear Age.
Soviet historian Genrikh "Henry" Aleksandrovich Trofimenko served for many years as chief analyst at the Institute for the U.S. and Canada Studies at the Russian Academy of Science. The interview Trofimenko conducted for War and Peace in the Nuclear Age: "Dawn" provides a historical overview of breakthroughs and setbacks in superpower diplomacy. After World War II, the United States wanted to impose Pax Americana, perceived peace dominated by U.S. military and economic power; the Soviet Union rejected it. Trofimenko asserts that serious talks about European security began in 1955 at the multinational conference in Geneva, but diplomats reached an impasse over the fate of a divided Germany. Diplomacy between General Secretary Nikita Khrushchev and U.S. president Dwight D. Eisenhower was derailed by the 1960 U-2 affair, although over time, periods of tension between the two countries these men represented have become more short-term. The next phase Trofimenko describes is detente. Early in Ronald Reagan's presidency, Trofimenko observes, diplomacy was interrupted by an acceleration of the arms race as the United States sought to regain superiority. He describes the Soviet view that the United States' decision to pursue the MX missile, the Trident submarine, and the Strategic Defense Initiative were that country's further attempt to gain military superiority. Trofimenko also explains the futility of expecting Soviet and U.S. military programs to be "mirror images." The pace, pattern, and modernization of military force structure, he points out, are governed by each nation's own strategic analysis. Once again, though, arms talks resumed and culminated in the historic Intermediate-Range Nuclear Forces Treaty signed in December 1987. Trofimenko assesses the modern-day challenges: the Soviet Union must withdraw from Afghanistan and continue to restructure international relations on the basis of cooperation. As for the United States' duty, he sees Star Wars' potential to instigate a new arms race, but he hopes and rightly predicts that it will "peter out."
- War and Peace in the Nuclear Age
- Visions of War and Peace
- Program Number
Interview with Henry Genrikh Aleksandrovich Trofimenko, 1987
- Series Description
The first atomic explosion in the New Mexico desert on July 16, 1945, changed the world forever. This series chronicles these changes and the history of a new era. It traces the development of nuclear weapons, the evolution of nuclear strategy, and the politics of a world with the power to destroy itself.
In thirteen one-hour programs that combine historic footage and recent interviews with key American, Soviet, and European participants, the nuclear age unfolds: the origin and evolution of nuclear weapons; the people of the past who have shaped the events of the present; the ideas and issues that political leaders, scientists, and the public at large must confront, and the prospects for the future. Nuclear Age highlights the profound changes in contemporary thinking imposed by the advent of nuclear weapons. Series release date: 1/1989
- Program Description
Even in the best international atmosphere, the superpowers face continuing differences about hot to reduce the risk of nuclear war. This final episode analyzes the continuing themes of the nuclear age.
- American attitudes toward nuclear weapons are intertwined with American anxieties about the nature of the Soviet State. - NATO relies on a threat of first use of nuclear weapons in response to an attack even by conventional forces of the Warsaw Pact. - To date, there is no defense against nuclear missiles. - More and more nations are acquiring nuclear technology. - Many people confuse arms control with disarmament.
The challenge of the Nuclear Age is to find a new way for nations to resolve disputes so they will no longer resort to force.
- Asset Type
- Media Type
- Strategic Defense Initiative
- Gromyko, Andrei Andreevich, 1909-1989
- Multiple independently targetable reentry vehicles
- Khrushchev, Nikita Sergeevich, 1894-1971
- Trident (Weapons systems)
- Reagan, Ronald
- Cuban Missile Crisis, 1962
- MX (Weapons system)
- Vietnam War, 1961-1975
- Yalta Conference (1945)
- Strategic Arms Limitation Talks
- Potsdam Conference (1945 : Potsdam, Germany)
- United States
- Iran Hostage Crisis, 1979-1981
- World War II
- Eisenhower, Dwight D. (Dwight David), 1890-1969
- Hitler, Adolf, 1889-1945
- North Atlantic Treaty Organization
- Warsaw Treaty Organization
- International relations
- Brezhnev, Leonid Il¿ich, 1906-1982
- Nuclear arms control
- Andropov, Y. V. (Yuri Vladimirovich), 1914-1984
- Soviet Union. Treaties, etc. United States, 1972 May 26 (ABM)
- Kissinger, Henry, 1923-
- Soviet Union
- Geneva Conference (1954)
- Soviet Union. Treaties, etc. United States, 1987 December 8
- Schmidt, Helmut, 1918 Dec. 23-
- Chernenko, K. U. (Konstantin Ustinovich), 1911-1985
- Stalin, Joseph, 1879-1953
- Nuclear weapons
- Moscow, Russia
- War and Conflict
- Global Affairs
- Trofimenko, G. A. (Genrikh Aleksandrovich) (Interviewee)
- Publication Information
- WGBH Educational Foundation
- Chicago: “War and Peace in the Nuclear Age; Visions of War and Peace; Interview with Henry Genrikh Aleksandrovich Trofimenko, 1987,” 12/24/1987, GBH Archives, accessed April 22, 2021, http://openvault.wgbh.org/catalog/V_EEDDC8850A914255B2C4A9C25CB9B4A1.
- MLA: “War and Peace in the Nuclear Age; Visions of War and Peace; Interview with Henry Genrikh Aleksandrovich Trofimenko, 1987.” 12/24/1987. GBH Archives. Web. April 22, 2021. <http://openvault.wgbh.org/catalog/V_EEDDC8850A914255B2C4A9C25CB9B4A1>.
- APA: War and Peace in the Nuclear Age; Visions of War and Peace; Interview with Henry Genrikh Aleksandrovich Trofimenko, 1987. Boston, MA: GBH Archives. Retrieved from http://openvault.wgbh.org/catalog/V_EEDDC8850A914255B2C4A9C25CB9B4A1