Vietnam: A Television History; First Vietnam War, The (1946 - 1954); Interview with U. Alexis (Ural Alexis) Johnson, 1982
Part of The Vietnam Collection.
Deputy Ambassador to the Republic of Vietnam, Alexis Johnson recalls the 1954 Geneva Conference when the French were pressuring the United States to send additional assistance to their battle in Vietnam in the form of air raids. Johnson recalls trying to form a pact with the other countries at the Conference regarding collective action against communist aggression in Vietnam. Johnson recalls the US view of the Vietnamese conflict as a fluid one in which the French were the major players. Johnson relates the eventual agreement between the French and the Viet Minh to draw a line at the seventeenth parallel, dividing Vietnam into north and south sections. The United States, while not fully satisfied with the agreement, decided to uphold it and avoid the use of force to upset it.
- Vietnam: A Television History
- First Vietnam War, The (1946 - 1954)
- Program Number
Interview with U. Alexis (Ural Alexis) Johnson, 1982
- Series Description
This 13 part series covers the history of Vietnam from France's colonial control, through the 1945 revolution, to the 1975 U.S. evacuation from Saigon and the years beyond. The series' objective approach permits viewers to form their own conclusions about the war. 101--Roots of a War--Despite cordial relations between American intelligence officers and Communist leader Ho Chi Minh in the turbulent closing months of World War II, French and British hostility to the Vietnamese revolution laid the groundwork for a new war. 102--The First Vietnam War (1946-1954)--The French generals expected to defeat Ho's rag-tag Vietminh guerrillas easily, but after eight years of fighting and $2.5 billion in U.S. aid, the French lost a crucial battle at Dienbienphu--and with it, their Asian empire. 103--America's Mandarin (1954-1963)--To stop the spread of communism in Southeast Asia, America replaced France in South Vietnam--supporting autocratic President Ngo Dinyh Diem until his own generals turned against him in a coup that brought political chaos to Saigon. 104--LBJ Goes to War (1964-1965)--With Ho Chi Minh determined to reunite Vietnam, Lyndon Baines Johnson determined to prevent it, and South Vietnam on the verge of collapse, the stage was set for massive escalation of the undeclared Vietnam War. 105--America Takes Charge (1965-1967)--In two years, the Johnson Administration's troop build-up dispatched 1.5 million Americans to Vietnam to fight a war they found baffling, tedious, exciting, deadly and unforgettable. 106--America's Enemy (1954-1967)--The Vietnam War as seen from different perspectives: by Vietcong guerrillas and sympathizers; by North Vietnamese leaders; by rank and file; and by American held prisoner in Hanoi. 107--Tet (1968)--The massive enemy offensive at the Lunar New Year decimated the Vietcong and failed to topple the Saigon government, but led to the beginning of America's military withdrawal. 108--Vietnamizing the War (1968-1973)--President Nixon's program of troop pull-outs, stepped-up bombing and huge arms shipments to Saigon changed the war, and left GI's wondering which of them would be the last to die in Vietnam. 109--Cambodia and Laos--Despite technical neutrality, both of Vietnam's smaller neighbors were drawn into the war, suffered massive bombing, and in the case of Cambodia, endured a post-war holocaust of nightmare proportions. 110--Peace is at Hand (1968-1973)--While American and Vietnamese continued to clash in battle, diplomats in Paris argued about making peace, after more than four years reaching an accord that proved to be a preface to further bloodshed. 111--Homefront USA--Americans at home divide over a distant war, clashing in the streets as demonstrations lead to bloodshed, bitterness and increasing doubts about the outcome. 112--The End of the Tunnel (1973-1975)--Through troubled years of controversy and violence, U.S. casualties mounted, victory remained elusive and American opinion moved from general approval to general dissatisfaction with the Vietnam war. 113--Legacies--Vietnam is in the Soviet orbit, poorer than ever, at war on two fronts; America's legacy includes more than one half million Asian refugees, one half million Vietnam veterans and some questions that won't go away. Series release date: 9/1983
- Program Description
The French generals expected to defeat Ho's rag-tag Vietminh guerrillas easily, but after eight years of fighting and $2.5 billion in U.S. aid, the French lost a crucial battle at Dienbienphu--and with it, their Asian empire.
- Asset Type
- Media Type
- France--Politics and government
- Vietnam (Democratic Republic)
- Vietnam War, 1961-1975
- France--History, Military--20th century
- Vietnam (Republic)
- United States--Foreign relations--1945-1989
- Indochinese War, 1946-1954
- Vietnamese reunification question (1954-1976)
- Mendes France, Pierre, 1907-1982
- Zhou, Enlai, 1898-1976
- United States--Foreign relations--Asia
- Vietnam War, 1961-1975--Personal narratives, American
- Geneva Conference (1954)
- Dulles, John Foster, 1888-1959
- National liberation movements
- War and Conflict
- Ellison, Richard (Series Producer)
- Johnson, U. Alexis (Ural Alexis), 1908- (Interviewee)
- Publication Information
- WGBH Educational Foundation
- Rights Summary
No materials may be re-used without references to appearance releases and WGBH/UMass Boston contract. 2) It is the liability of a production to investigate and re-clear all rights before re-use in any project. Rights Holder: WGBH Educational Foundation
- Chicago: “Vietnam: A Television History; First Vietnam War, The (1946 - 1954); Interview with U. Alexis (Ural Alexis) Johnson, 1982,” 07/02/1982, GBH Archives, accessed April 1, 2023, http://openvault.wgbh.org/catalog/V_BA67F7DA143C49A8846FB32DB5D9FA95.
- MLA: “Vietnam: A Television History; First Vietnam War, The (1946 - 1954); Interview with U. Alexis (Ural Alexis) Johnson, 1982.” 07/02/1982. GBH Archives. Web. April 1, 2023. <http://openvault.wgbh.org/catalog/V_BA67F7DA143C49A8846FB32DB5D9FA95>.
- APA: Vietnam: A Television History; First Vietnam War, The (1946 - 1954); Interview with U. Alexis (Ural Alexis) Johnson, 1982. Boston, MA: GBH Archives. Retrieved from http://openvault.wgbh.org/catalog/V_BA67F7DA143C49A8846FB32DB5D9FA95