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War and Peace in the Nuclear Age; Dawn; Interview with Boris Izakov, 1986

Part of War and Peace in the Nuclear Age.


Boris Izakov was a member of the Soviet Armed Forces during World War II and later a journalist. In the interview he discusses his impression of the Soviet Union and the United States during and after World War II. He describes his time as a soldier at the front. He also describes Russian feelings towards the United States when the two countries were allies, and the reactions to the bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki. A memorable event for Mr. Izakov was his first visit to America just after the war’s end, where he saw first-hand the drastic differences between war-destroyed Europe and the U.S. He also gives his impression of the Baruch Plan, and explains why it would never be accepted by the Soviet Union.

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War and Peace in the Nuclear Age
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Interview with Boris Izakov, 1986

Series Description

The first atomic explosion in the New Mexico desert on July 16, 1945, changed the world forever. This series chronicles these changes and the history of a new era. It traces the development of nuclear weapons, the evolution of nuclear strategy, and the politics of a world with the power to destroy itself.

In thirteen one-hour programs that combine historic footage and recent interviews with key American, Soviet, and European participants, the nuclear age unfolds: the origin and evolution of nuclear weapons; the people of the past who have shaped the events of the present; the ideas and issues that political leaders, scientists, and the public at large must confront, and the prospects for the future. Nuclear Age highlights the profound changes in contemporary thinking imposed by the advent of nuclear weapons. Series release date: 1/1989

Program Description

Amid the violence, fear and desperation of World War II, nuclear weapons are created and used for the first time.

“Dawn” traces the development of the first atomic bomb, from 1932 with the ominous rumblings that led to World War II and the ground-breaking scientific experiments that led to the bomb. Atomic physicist Victor Weisskopf explains, “we did not think at all that this business would have any direct connection with politics, or with humanity.” The frantic rush by American scientists who feared the Nazis were ahead of them and the first nuclear explosion in the New Mexico desert on July 16, 1945 are described by eyewitnesses. Physicist Philip Morrison was ten miles away from the blast and will never forget the heat on his face. “Dawn” concludes with the failure of the first attempts to reach agreement on international control of atomic weapons after the war.



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United Nations
World War II
Nagasaki-shi (Japan) -- History -- Bombardment, 1945
Hiroshima-shi (Japan) -- History -- Bombardment, 1945
Nuclear weapons
Baruch, Bernard M. (Bernard Mannes), 1870-1965
Nuclear energy
United States
Soviet Union
War and Conflict
Global Affairs
Izakov, Boris (Interviewee)
Publication Information
WGBH Educational Foundation
Chicago: “War and Peace in the Nuclear Age; Dawn; Interview with Boris Izakov, 1986,” 03/27/1986, GBH Archives, accessed December 11, 2023,
MLA: “War and Peace in the Nuclear Age; Dawn; Interview with Boris Izakov, 1986.” 03/27/1986. GBH Archives. Web. December 11, 2023. <>.
APA: War and Peace in the Nuclear Age; Dawn; Interview with Boris Izakov, 1986. Boston, MA: GBH Archives. Retrieved from
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