War and Peace in the Nuclear Age; Reagan's Shield; Interview with Antonia Chayes, 1987
Part of War and Peace in the Nuclear Age.
Antonia Chayes served as the Assistant Secretary and then Under Secretary of the Air Force during the Carter administration, with responsibilities including political management of the MX program. She describes dealing with the environmental impact of the MX Missile system and having to ensure that the National Environmental Policy Act requirements were met. She describes the opposition the system received from western states, the Mormon Church, and the Reagan campaign. Ms. Chayes explains the Carter Administrations approach to creating and implementing the MX Missile system and some of the mistakes they made. She describes some of the players during this process, including individual members of the public she recalls as colorful participants in the sprawling debates over the administrations basing plans.
- War and Peace in the Nuclear Age
- Reagan's Shield
- Program Number
Interview with Antonia Chayes, 1987
- Series Description
The first atomic explosion in the New Mexico desert on July 16, 1945, changed the world forever. This series chronicles these changes and the history of a new era. It traces the development of nuclear weapons, the evolution of nuclear strategy, and the politics of a world with the power to destroy itself.
In thirteen one-hour programs that combine historic footage and recent interviews with key American, Soviet, and European participants, the nuclear age unfolds: the origin and evolution of nuclear weapons; the people of the past who have shaped the events of the present; the ideas and issues that political leaders, scientists, and the public at large must confront, and the prospects for the future. Nuclear Age highlights the profound changes in contemporary thinking imposed by the advent of nuclear weapons. Series release date: 1/1989
- Program Description
President Reagan introduces the controversial Strategic Defense Initiative, an idea he believes will make nuclear weapons”Impotent and Obsolete.”
In 1983 President Reagan envisioned a Strategic Defense Initiative (SDI) that could intercept and destroy Soviet strategic ballistic missiles before they reached the United States. Skeptics dubbed the idea “Star Wars.” It was hard for Reagan to accept the idea of deterrence based on mutual destruction. He believed SDI offered a solution. His science advisor George Keyworth says SDI was “thoroughly created and invented in Ronald Reagan’s own mind and experience.” According to defense scientist Ashton Carter, “The concept is fine. What is not fine is implying to the public that the solution to the nuclear puzzle is at hand.” SDI became the focus of a national debate about nuclear weapons and nuclear strategy, and a stumbling block in strategic arms control negotiations with the Soviet Union. The final months of the Reagan Administration brought a drastic reduction in the scope and size of SDI efforts.
- Asset Type
- Media Type
- Intercontinental ballistic missiles -- Mobile basing
- Laxalt, Paul
- Rockwell B-1 (Bomber)
- Dutson, Susan B.
- Reagan, Ronald
- United States. Air Force
- Moyers, Bill D.
- Van Cleave, William R.
- Garn, Jake
- United States. National Environmental Policy Act of 1969
- United States
- Weinberger, Caspar W.
- Turner, Stansfield, 1923-
- Strategic Arms Limitation Talks II
- Trident (Weapons systems)
- Garland, Cecil
- Mormon Church
- Environmental protection
- Garwin, Richard L.
- Carter, Jimmy, 1924-
- Midgetman Missile
- Drell, Sidney D. (Sidney David), 1926-
- United States. Arms Control and Disarmament Agency
- Brzezinski, Zbigniew, 1928-
- MX (Weapons system)
- Military weapons
- Warnke, Paul C., 1920-2001
- Global Affairs
- War and Conflict
- Chayes, Antonia Handler, 1929- (Interviewee)
- Publication Information
- WGBH Educational Foundation
- Chicago: “War and Peace in the Nuclear Age; Reagan's Shield; Interview with Antonia Chayes, 1987,” 12/15/1987, WGBH Media Library & Archives, accessed March 27, 2017, http://openvault.wgbh.org/catalog/V_561A045B3F974ED2B6F45320C07E5A1D.
- MLA: “War and Peace in the Nuclear Age; Reagan's Shield; Interview with Antonia Chayes, 1987.” 12/15/1987. WGBH Media Library & Archives. Web. March 27, 2017. <http://openvault.wgbh.org/catalog/V_561A045B3F974ED2B6F45320C07E5A1D>.
- APA: War and Peace in the Nuclear Age; Reagan's Shield; Interview with Antonia Chayes, 1987. Boston, MA: WGBH Media Library & Archives. Retrieved from http://openvault.wgbh.org/catalog/V_561A045B3F974ED2B6F45320C07E5A1D