War and Peace in the Nuclear Age; Europe Goes Nuclear; Interview with Valentin Falin, 1986 
Part of War and Peace in the Nuclear Age.
Valentin Falin was an influential career Soviet diplomat, and later journalist, who specialized in European and particularly German affairs for most of the Cold War. In this interview he details the German problem, during which, he alleges, the U.S. pushed for imposing decisions on the Germans and recreating the German military for its own objectives. He provides personal recollections on German rearmament, including the deep concerns generated by what he describes as American plans to use ex-Nazis to rebuild the country's military capabilities. By contrast, he asserts, the USSR initially hoped only for the creation of a neutral and friendly German state along with other unaligned states in the region. The Marshall Plan, he declares, was primarily a means of forcing Europe to toe the American political line. He describes a "complex" Soviet reaction to the formation of NATO and the decision later to create the Warsaw Pact, challenging Western portrayals of the threat posed by Soviet forces after the war. He also offers a description of nuclear developments in the late 1940s, including his views on the formation of British and French atomic forces. The Suez and Berlin crises are also discussed from the point of view of Soviet thinking, as is the 1961 Vienna summit. On nuclear issues, Mr. Falin provides Moscow's conceptions of the Cuban missile crisis and of America's massive retaliation and flexible response strategies. He also reviews the Sino-Soviet split and the Korean war, including the threat of nuclear deployments during that period. He closes with a description of the Czechoslovak coup of 1948.
- War and Peace in the Nuclear Age
- Europe Goes Nuclear
- Program Number
Interview with Valentin Falin, 1986 
- Series Description
The first atomic explosion in the New Mexico desert on July 16, 1945, changed the world forever. This series chronicles these changes and the history of a new era. It traces the development of nuclear weapons, the evolution of nuclear strategy, and the politics of a world with the power to destroy itself.
In thirteen one-hour programs that combine historic footage and recent interviews with key American, Soviet, and European participants, the nuclear age unfolds: the origin and evolution of nuclear weapons; the people of the past who have shaped the events of the present; the ideas and issues that political leaders, scientists, and the public at large must confront, and the prospects for the future. Nuclear Age highlights the profound changes in contemporary thinking imposed by the advent of nuclear weapons. Series release date: 1/1989
- Program Description
France and England rush to acquire their own nuclear weapons, NATO worries about the threat from the East, and Europe becomes the most nuclear-saturated place on Earth.
British and American scientists worked side by side to build the first nuclear bombs. “There was a strong desire on the British side for that collaboration to continue into peacetime. There was no such desire on the part of the United States,” recalls British diplomat Roger Makins, Lord Sherfield. Britain decided to proceed on its own and in 1952 joined the US and the Soviets in what pundits would call “the nuclear club.” General Charles De Gaulle, president of France, wanted to join the club, too, and not rely on the US for nuclear protection. Prestige was also an issue. In 1960, France exploded its first atomic weapon. Since World War II the Soviet Union had had a superiority in conventional forces in Europe. NATO countered by deploying thousands of nuclear weapons. “They were accepted as being perfectly reasonable weapons to use in a tactical battle in continental Europe,” said Sir Richard Powell of the British Defense Ministry.
- Asset Type
- Media Type
- German rearmament
- Byrnes, James F. (James Francis), 1882-1972
- Dulles, John Foster, 1888-1959
- Soviet Union
- Truman, Harry S., 1884-1972
- Khrushchev, Nikita Sergeevich, 1894-1971
- Massive retaliation (Nuclear strategy)
- Yalta Conference (1945)
- Czechoslovakia -- History -- Coup detat, 1948
- Potsdam Conference (1945 : Potsdam, Germany)
- Cuban Missile Crisis, 1962
- Marshall Plan
- Warsaw Treaty Organization
- McNamara, Robert S., 1916-2009
- Flexible response (Nuclear strategy)
- Berlin (Germany) -- History-- Crisis, 1961
- Kennedy, John F. (John Fitzgerald), 1917-1963
- Eisenhower, Dwight D. (Dwight David), 1890-1969
- North Atlantic Treaty Organization
- United States
- Korean War, 1950-1953
- Sinai Campaign, 1956, Israel--History--Suez Campaign, 1956
- Great Britain
- Moscow, USSR
- Global Affairs
- War and Conflict
- Falin, V. M. (Interviewee)
- Publication Information
- WGBH Educational Foundation
- Chicago: “War and Peace in the Nuclear Age; Europe Goes Nuclear; Interview with Valentin Falin, 1986 ,” 12/09/1986, WGBH Media Library & Archives, accessed September 20, 2018, http://openvault.wgbh.org/catalog/V_1008082DBA5E43558D585CE8795C35FD.
- MLA: “War and Peace in the Nuclear Age; Europe Goes Nuclear; Interview with Valentin Falin, 1986 .” 12/09/1986. WGBH Media Library & Archives. Web. September 20, 2018. <http://openvault.wgbh.org/catalog/V_1008082DBA5E43558D585CE8795C35FD>.
- APA: War and Peace in the Nuclear Age; Europe Goes Nuclear; Interview with Valentin Falin, 1986 . Boston, MA: WGBH Media Library & Archives. Retrieved from http://openvault.wgbh.org/catalog/V_1008082DBA5E43558D585CE8795C35FD