GBH Openvault

China: A Century of Revolution; Born under the Red Flag (1976-1997): The New Generation

Part of Stories of East and South East Asia.

License Clip

More material may be available from this program at the GBH Archives. If you would like research access to the collection at GBH, please email

China: A Century of Revolution
Born under the Red Flag (1976-1997): The New Generation
Series Description

In 1986 AMBRICA Productions began CHINA: A Century of Revolution, a series of three feature-length documentaries that explore the history of modern China.

The first film, CHINA IN REVOLUTION describes the epic upheaval that began in China with the fall of the last emperor in 1911. Over the next four decades, the Chinese people were caught up in struggles with warlords, foreign invasion and a bitter rivalry between the Chinese Communist Party and the Nationalist Party. The film highlights the two figures who came to shape events, Chang Kai-shek and Mao Zedong. First they worked as allies to unite the country and then they fought a bloody civil war that was won by the Communists in 1949.

The trilogy continues with THE MAO YEARS, a look at the next period of modern China’s history: Mao Zedong’s rule, from 1949 to his death in 1976. The film begins with the celebrations marking the establishment of the People’s Republic of China, a moment of great hope for millions of Chinese. But the quarter-century of Mao’s rule was as turbulent as the decades which preceded it. Interludes of relative calm and increased prosperity were interrupted repeatedly by violent campaigns, purges, and a famine in which killed more than 30 million people. It culminated in Mao’s colossal and tragic experiment, the Great Proletarian Cultural Revolution. When Mao died in 1976, people were exhausted by the turmoil and longed for stability.

What happened next could never have been anticipated and forms the story line for the final film of the trilogy; BORN UNDER THE RED FLAG examines China’s remarkable transformation after Mao’s death. In just 15 years, under Deng Xiaoping’s leadership, China raced forward at an astonishing pace to become a never-before-seen hybrid of communism and capitalism. The world’s most populous nation has reinvented itself, changing from a relatively undeveloped and isolated nation into an economic giant and a major player on the world stage. For many Chinese, this transformation has brought unprecedented prosperity, but it has also raised troubling questions of national identity and social inequality.

See Ambrica website:

Program Description

This program tells the story of China's remarkable transformation after Mao Zedong's death, focusing on personal stories that are compelling and often tragic, as the Chinese have had to cope with what the film calls "failed ideals, a brutal, outmoded communism, and a harsh new capitalism." As in the earlier films in this series, the filmmakers combine never-before-seen archival footage from China with location shooting and interviews with a wide range of China's people: peasants, political prisoners, intellectuals, prostitutes, students and government officials.

Asset Type

Broadcast program

Media Type


Peoples of East Asia
Protest and Public Advocacy
Politics and Government
Social Issues
Williams, Sue (Writer)
Dietz, Kathryn (Producer)
Publication Information
WGBH Educational Foundation
Chicago: “China: A Century of Revolution; Born under the Red Flag (1976-1997): The New Generation,” GBH Archives, accessed February 23, 2024,
MLA: “China: A Century of Revolution; Born under the Red Flag (1976-1997): The New Generation.” GBH Archives. Web. February 23, 2024. <>.
APA: China: A Century of Revolution; Born under the Red Flag (1976-1997): The New Generation. Boston, MA: GBH Archives. Retrieved from
If you have more information about this item, we want to know! Please contact us, including the URL.