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Vietnam: A Television History; Interview with Cao Xuan Nghia, 1981

Part of The Vietnam Collection.


Cao Xuan Nghia was a mineworker whose father died of starvation due to the poor working conditions and famine brought by the Japanese Occupation. As a result and out of desperation, Cao Xuan Nghia joined the Viet Minh in 1944. Cao Xuan Nghia became a resistance fighter in 1946 and stayed until 1957. Cao Xuan Nghia recounts his participation in the march to Dien Bien Phu at this time and the battle of Doc Lap Hill.

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Vietnam: A Television History

Interview with Cao Xuan Nghia, 1981

Series Description

This 13 part series covers the history of Vietnam from France's colonial control, through the 1945 revolution, to the 1975 U.S. evacuation from Saigon and the years beyond. The series' objective approach permits viewers to form their own conclusions about the war. 101--Roots of a War--Despite cordial relations between American intelligence officers and Communist leader Ho Chi Minh in the turbulent closing months of World War II, French and British hostility to the Vietnamese revolution laid the groundwork for a new war. 102--The First Vietnam War (1946-1954)--The French generals expected to defeat Ho's rag-tag Vietminh guerrillas easily, but after eight years of fighting and $2.5 billion in U.S. aid, the French lost a crucial battle at Dienbienphu--and with it, their Asian empire. 103--America's Mandarin (1954-1963)--To stop the spread of communism in Southeast Asia, America replaced France in South Vietnam--supporting autocratic President Ngo Dinyh Diem until his own generals turned against him in a coup that brought political chaos to Saigon. 104--LBJ Goes to War (1964-1965)--With Ho Chi Minh determined to reunite Vietnam, Lyndon Baines Johnson determined to prevent it, and South Vietnam on the verge of collapse, the stage was set for massive escalation of the undeclared Vietnam War. 105--America Takes Charge (1965-1967)--In two years, the Johnson Administration's troop build-up dispatched 1.5 million Americans to Vietnam to fight a war they found baffling, tedious, exciting, deadly and unforgettable. 106--America's Enemy (1954-1967)--The Vietnam War as seen from different perspectives: by Vietcong guerrillas and sympathizers; by North Vietnamese leaders; by rank and file; and by American held prisoner in Hanoi. 107--Tet (1968)--The massive enemy offensive at the Lunar New Year decimated the Vietcong and failed to topple the Saigon government, but led to the beginning of America's military withdrawal. 108--Vietnamizing the War (1968-1973)--President Nixon's program of troop pull-outs, stepped-up bombing and huge arms shipments to Saigon changed the war, and left GI's wondering which of them would be the last to die in Vietnam. 109--Cambodia and Laos--Despite technical neutrality, both of Vietnam's smaller neighbors were drawn into the war, suffered massive bombing, and in the case of Cambodia, endured a post-war holocaust of nightmare proportions. 110--Peace is at Hand (1968-1973)--While American and Vietnamese continued to clash in battle, diplomats in Paris argued about making peace, after more than four years reaching an accord that proved to be a preface to further bloodshed. 111--Homefront USA--Americans at home divide over a distant war, clashing in the streets as demonstrations lead to bloodshed, bitterness and increasing doubts about the outcome. 112--The End of the Tunnel (1973-1975)--Through troubled years of controversy and violence, U.S. casualties mounted, victory remained elusive and American opinion moved from general approval to general dissatisfaction with the Vietnam war. 113--Legacies--Vietnam is in the Soviet orbit, poorer than ever, at war on two fronts; America's legacy includes more than one half million Asian refugees, one half million Vietnam veterans and some questions that won't go away. Series release date: 9/1983



Asset Type

Raw video

Media Type


Vietnam (Democratic Republic)
France--History, Military--20th century
Vietnam War, 1961-1975--Personal narratives, North Vietnamese
Food poisoning
Economic development
Viet Nam doc lap dong minh hoi
Vietnam (Republic)
Nationalism and communism
Sino-Vietnamese Conflict, 1979
Mines and mineral resources
Vietnam--Politics and government
Indochinese War, 1946-1954
Coal mines and mining
Hanoi, Vietnam
War and Conflict
Ellison, Richard (Series Producer)
Cao, Xuan Nghia (Interviewee)
Publication Information
WGBH Educational Foundation
Rights Summary

No materials may be re-used without references to appearance releases and WGBH/UMass Boston contract. 2) It is the liability of a production to investigate and re-clear all rights before re-use in any project. Rights Holder: WGBH Educational Foundation

Chicago: “Vietnam: A Television History; Interview with Cao Xuan Nghia, 1981,” 03/09/1981, GBH Archives, accessed March 31, 2023,
MLA: “Vietnam: A Television History; Interview with Cao Xuan Nghia, 1981.” 03/09/1981. GBH Archives. Web. March 31, 2023. <>.
APA: Vietnam: A Television History; Interview with Cao Xuan Nghia, 1981. Boston, MA: GBH Archives. Retrieved from
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