War and Peace in the Nuclear Age; At the Brink; Interview with Ray Cline, 1986 
Part of War and Peace in the Nuclear Age.
In 1958, Ray Cline was chief of the CIA's Office of National Estimates and of its Taiwan station. In his interview conducted for War and Peace in the Nuclear Age: "A Bigger Bang for the Buck," Cline discusses the history, beginning, and challenges of systematic, coordinated intelligence gathering to collect hard data, particularly on the Soviet Union's existing and projected weapons systems. He recalls how he pieced together evidence that the relationship between the Soviet Union and the People's Republic of China had begun to fray badly, and long before many intelligence officers and U.S. policymakers could accept the idea of a schism.
- War and Peace in the Nuclear Age
- At the Brink
- Program Number
Interview with Ray Cline, 1986 
- Series Description
The first atomic explosion in the New Mexico desert on July 16, 1945, changed the world forever. This series chronicles these changes and the history of a new era. It traces the development of nuclear weapons, the evolution of nuclear strategy, and the politics of a world with the power to destroy itself.
In thirteen one-hour programs that combine historic footage and recent interviews with key American, Soviet, and European participants, the nuclear age unfolds: the origin and evolution of nuclear weapons; the people of the past who have shaped the events of the present; the ideas and issues that political leaders, scientists, and the public at large must confront, and the prospects for the future. Nuclear Age highlights the profound changes in contemporary thinking imposed by the advent of nuclear weapons. Series release date: 1/1989
- Program Description
In October 1962, the Soviet Union and the United States are at the brink of nuclear war, the 13 most harrowing days in the nuclear age.
“I remember leaving the White House at the end of that Saturday and thinking that might well be the last sunset I ever saw,” recalls former Secretary of Defense Robert McNamara of Black Saturday, the day the Cuban missile crisis pushed the world to the brink of nuclear war. Aleksandr Alexseev, Soviet ambassador to Cuba at the time, recalled, “We and the Cubans decided that, in order to avoid a United States invasion, we should supply Cuba with missiles.” The US effort to overthrow Fidel Castro at the Bay of Pigs was an expression of President Kennedy’s disbelief about the missiles in Cuba while it surprised Soviet leader Khrushchev according to his speechwriter,Feodor Burlatsky. Major General William Fairborne, speaks about how “We loaded whole blood and a hundred coffins onto the carrier Iwo Jima.” Looking back on those 13 days, former Secretary of State Dean Rusk reflects, “...we’ve got to find some way to inhabit this speck of dust in the universe at the same time.”
- Asset Type
- Media Type
- Soviet Union
- Korea (North)
- United States. Air Force. Strategic Air Command
- United States
- Korean War, 1950-1953
- Nuclear weapons
- Dulles, Allen, 1893-1969
- Mao, Zedong, 1893-1976
- United States. Central Intelligence Agency
- National Security Council (U.S.)
- Eisenhower, Dwight D. (Dwight David), 1890-1969
- Nuclear arms control
- Khrushchev, Nikita Sergeevich, 1894-1971
- Washington, DC
- War and Conflict
- Global Affairs
- Cline, Ray S. (Interviewee)
- Publication Information
- WGBH Educational Foundation
- Chicago: “War and Peace in the Nuclear Age; At the Brink; Interview with Ray Cline, 1986 ,” 03/11/1986, GBH Archives, accessed April 22, 2021, http://openvault.wgbh.org/catalog/V_C54FC1FCCD044331AF69466DE05E339D.
- MLA: “War and Peace in the Nuclear Age; At the Brink; Interview with Ray Cline, 1986 .” 03/11/1986. GBH Archives. Web. April 22, 2021. <http://openvault.wgbh.org/catalog/V_C54FC1FCCD044331AF69466DE05E339D>.
- APA: War and Peace in the Nuclear Age; At the Brink; Interview with Ray Cline, 1986 . Boston, MA: GBH Archives. Retrieved from http://openvault.wgbh.org/catalog/V_C54FC1FCCD044331AF69466DE05E339D