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NOVA; Pioneers of Surgery: The Brutal Craft


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Pioneers of Surgery: The Brutal Craft
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Series Description

Premiered March 1974 NOVA is a general-interest documentary series that addresses a single science issue each week. Billed as "science adventures for curious grown-ups" when it first aired in March, 1974, NOVA continues to offer an informative and entertaining approach to a challenging subject. 1996 marked NOVA's 23rd season, which makes it the longest-running science program on national television. It is also one of television's most acclaimed series, having won every major television award, most of them many times over. Series release date: 3/3/1974

Program Description

NOVA tells the dramatic story of the rise of modern surgery in this four-part mini-series. The Brutal Craft examines the early stages of the revolution in surgery, when science overcame the basic problems of pain, infection and blood loss. In the early days, surgery was practiced without the benefit of anesthesia or antiseptics and patients usually died. Subsequent episodes: Into The Heart (#1512); New Organs for Old (#1513); Beyond the Knife (#1514).



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Broadcast program

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Chicago: “NOVA; Pioneers of Surgery: The Brutal Craft,” 07/15/1988, GBH Archives, accessed February 27, 2024,
MLA: “NOVA; Pioneers of Surgery: The Brutal Craft.” 07/15/1988. GBH Archives. Web. February 27, 2024. <>.
APA: NOVA; Pioneers of Surgery: The Brutal Craft. Boston, MA: GBH Archives. Retrieved from
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