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Vietnam: A Television History; 1st Independence Anniversary National Day celebration

Part of The Vietnam Collection.


First Anniversary of the overthrow of the dictatorship of Ngo Dinh Diem. The parade was reviewed by the first civilian government since the end of the Diem Regime. Vietnamese Honor Guard assembled in street. LSs, dignitaries arrive and take their places in review stand. MSs, CUs, military band playing. MS, CU, children looking thru iron fence. LS, Dalat Military Academy troops pass in review. Army Medical Corps troops parade past. LS, Maj. Gen. Nguyen Khanh, outgoing Prime Minister, arriving and walking to review stand. MS, Maj. Gen. Khanh chats with Gen. William C. Westmoreland, Comd., US Military Assistance Command, Vietnam. European officers and dignitaries in stand. LS, civilian Chief of State Phan Khac Suu arrives. Gen. Westmoreland and officer. European officers in stand. Phan Khac Suu walks up steps. VS, notables in stand include Maj. Gen. Duong Van Minh (Big Minh), outgoing Chief of State Phan Khac Suu. Europeans and Americans in stand. Gen. Minh and Chief of State Phan Khac Suu in stand. CUs, children watching thru bars of fence. Spectators in stand. Notables salute. Viet Special Forces parade past. Chief of State gets into car after parade.

License Clip
Vietnam: A Television History

1st Independence Anniversary National Day celebration

Series Description

This 13 part series covers the history of Vietnam from France's colonial control, through the 1945 revolution, to the 1975 U.S. evacuation from Saigon and the years beyond. The series' objective approach permits viewers to form their own conclusions about the war. 101--Roots of a War--Despite cordial relations between American intelligence officers and Communist leader Ho Chi Minh in the turbulent closing months of World War II, French and British hostility to the Vietnamese revolution laid the groundwork for a new war. 102--The First Vietnam War (1946-1954)--The French generals expected to defeat Ho's rag-tag Vietminh guerrillas easily, but after eight years of fighting and $2.5 billion in U.S. aid, the French lost a crucial battle at Dienbienphu--and with it, their Asian empire. 103--America's Mandarin (1954-1963)--To stop the spread of communism in Southeast Asia, America replaced France in South Vietnam--supporting autocratic President Ngo Dinyh Diem until his own generals turned against him in a coup that brought political chaos to Saigon. 104--LBJ Goes to War (1964-1965)--With Ho Chi Minh determined to reunite Vietnam, Lyndon Baines Johnson determined to prevent it, and South Vietnam on the verge of collapse, the stage was set for massive escalation of the undeclared Vietnam War. 105--America Takes Charge (1965-1967)--In two years, the Johnson Administration's troop build-up dispatched 1.5 million Americans to Vietnam to fight a war they found baffling, tedious, exciting, deadly and unforgettable. 106--America's Enemy (1954-1967)--The Vietnam War as seen from different perspectives: by Vietcong guerrillas and sympathizers; by North Vietnamese leaders; by rank and file; and by American held prisoner in Hanoi. 107--Tet (1968)--The massive enemy offensive at the Lunar New Year decimated the Vietcong and failed to topple the Saigon government, but led to the beginning of America's military withdrawal. 108--Vietnamizing the War (1968-1973)--President Nixon's program of troop pull-outs, stepped-up bombing and huge arms shipments to Saigon changed the war, and left GI's wondering which of them would be the last to die in Vietnam. 109--Cambodia and Laos--Despite technical neutrality, both of Vietnam's smaller neighbors were drawn into the war, suffered massive bombing, and in the case of Cambodia, endured a post-war holocaust of nightmare proportions. 110--Peace is at Hand (1968-1973)--While American and Vietnamese continued to clash in battle, diplomats in Paris argued about making peace, after more than four years reaching an accord that proved to be a preface to further bloodshed. 111--Homefront USA--Americans at home divide over a distant war, clashing in the streets as demonstrations lead to bloodshed, bitterness and increasing doubts about the outcome. 112--The End of the Tunnel (1973-1975)--Through troubled years of controversy and violence, U.S. casualties mounted, victory remained elusive and American opinion moved from general approval to general dissatisfaction with the Vietnam war. 113--Legacies--Vietnam is in the Soviet orbit, poorer than ever, at war on two fronts; America's legacy includes more than one half million Asian refugees, one half million Vietnam veterans and some questions that won't go away. Series release date: 9/1983

Asset Type

Stock footage

Media Type


Honor guards
Ngo, Dinh Diem, 1901-1963
Nationalism and communism
Phan Khac Suu
Vietnam War, 1961-1975
National liberation movements
Duong, Van Minh, 1916-
Vietnam (Asia) nation
Nguyan, Khanh
Westmoreland, William C. (William Childs), 1914-2005
Saigon, Vietnam
War and Conflict
Ellison, Richard (Series Producer)
Publication Information
Rights Summary

Public Domain Rights Holder: NARA

Chicago: “Vietnam: A Television History; 1st Independence Anniversary National Day celebration,” 11/01/1964, GBH Archives, accessed December 6, 2021,
MLA: “Vietnam: A Television History; 1st Independence Anniversary National Day celebration.” 11/01/1964. GBH Archives. Web. December 6, 2021. <>.
APA: Vietnam: A Television History; 1st Independence Anniversary National Day celebration. Boston, MA: GBH Archives. Retrieved from
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