War and Peace in the Nuclear Age; Reagan's Shield; Interview with James Woolsey, 1987
Part of War and Peace in the Nuclear Age.
James Woolsey was an advisor to the U.S. delegation to SALT from 1969-1970, General Counsel to the U.S. Senate Committee on Armed Services from 1970-1973, and Under Secretary of the Navy from 1977-1979. For much of the 1980s he was involved in both nuclear and conventional arms talks before becoming Director of Central Intelligence (1993-1995). The interview focuses entirely on the Reagan period. He begins by analyzing why the MX has been such a problem for so long (size and survivability), why the U.S. needs land-based missiles, and why a counterforce strategy is required. Over time he has come to believe that the U.S. should move to a small, mobile ICBM such as the Midgetman for purposes of survivability, an issue he discusses at length, adding an interesting aside about the discovery that hardening mobile launchers involved a surprisingly simple solution. He scores President Reagan for cancelling the Carter administration's MPS system. He then discusses the Towns Committee, which was set up to find a survivable basing mode for the MX, and goes on to review the Scowcroft Commission from a variety of angles. Along the way, he acknowledges that the president's SDI speech came as a shock to commission members. The main point he wishes to underscore about strategic systems is that they do not work in isolation but are part of the broader fabric of American military power. He closes by calling the Reykjavik summit "one of the worst performances in foreign policy" by a U.S. administration in the nuclear era.
- War and Peace in the Nuclear Age
- Reagan's Shield
- Program Number
Interview with James Woolsey, 1987
- Series Description
The first atomic explosion in the New Mexico desert on July 16, 1945, changed the world forever. This series chronicles these changes and the history of a new era. It traces the development of nuclear weapons, the evolution of nuclear strategy, and the politics of a world with the power to destroy itself.
In thirteen one-hour programs that combine historic footage and recent interviews with key American, Soviet, and European participants, the nuclear age unfolds: the origin and evolution of nuclear weapons; the people of the past who have shaped the events of the present; the ideas and issues that political leaders, scientists, and the public at large must confront, and the prospects for the future. Nuclear Age highlights the profound changes in contemporary thinking imposed by the advent of nuclear weapons. Series release date: 1/1989
- Program Description
President Reagan introduces the controversial Strategic Defense Initiative, an idea he believes will make nuclear weapons”Impotent and Obsolete.”
In 1983 President Reagan envisioned a Strategic Defense Initiative (SDI) that could intercept and destroy Soviet strategic ballistic missiles before they reached the United States. Skeptics dubbed the idea “Star Wars.” It was hard for Reagan to accept the idea of deterrence based on mutual destruction. He believed SDI offered a solution. His science advisor George Keyworth says SDI was “thoroughly created and invented in Ronald Reagan’s own mind and experience.” According to defense scientist Ashton Carter, “The concept is fine. What is not fine is implying to the public that the solution to the nuclear puzzle is at hand.” SDI became the focus of a national debate about nuclear weapons and nuclear strategy, and a stumbling block in strategic arms control negotiations with the Soviet Union. The final months of the Reagan Administration brought a drastic reduction in the scope and size of SDI efforts.
- Asset Type
- Media Type
- Laird, Melvin R.
- Soviet Union. Treaties, etc. United States, 1972 May 26 (ABM)
- Soviet Union
- Ikle, Fred Charles
- Intercontinental ballistic missiles
- Midgetman Missile
- United States. Air Force
- Scowcroft, Brent
- Reagan, Ronald
- Nuclear warfare
- Multiple Protective Structures (Missile basing system)
- United States. Presidents Commission on Strategic Forces
- Enthoven, Alain C., 1930-
- MX (Weapons system)
- Townes Commission
- United States. Dept. of Defense
- Summit meetings--Iceland--Reykjavik
- Nuclear arms control
- Carter, Jimmy, 1924-
- Aspin, Les
- Nuclear weapons
- United States
- Minuteman (Missile)
- Deterrence (Strategy)
- North Atlantic Treaty Organization
- Multiple independently targetable reentry vehicles
- United States. Congress
- War and Conflict
- Global Affairs
- Woolsey, R. James, 1941- (Interviewee)
- Publication Information
- WGBH Educational Foundation
- Chicago: “War and Peace in the Nuclear Age; Reagan's Shield; Interview with James Woolsey, 1987,” 10/13/1987, GBH Archives, accessed January 22, 2021, http://openvault.wgbh.org/catalog/V_3ADA7199E4BA4FE0868D033808A6234D.
- MLA: “War and Peace in the Nuclear Age; Reagan's Shield; Interview with James Woolsey, 1987.” 10/13/1987. GBH Archives. Web. January 22, 2021. <http://openvault.wgbh.org/catalog/V_3ADA7199E4BA4FE0868D033808A6234D>.
- APA: War and Peace in the Nuclear Age; Reagan's Shield; Interview with James Woolsey, 1987. Boston, MA: GBH Archives. Retrieved from http://openvault.wgbh.org/catalog/V_3ADA7199E4BA4FE0868D033808A6234D