Frederick Nolting was Ambassador to South Vietnam from 1961 1963. Appointed by President Kennedy, he became closely associated with Ngo Dinh Diem. As the United States sought to distance itself from Diem, Nolting was replaced by Henry Cabot Lodge. Mr. Nolting describes the early days of his assignment, including the visit from Vice-President Johnson and the Taylor-Rostow mission. He defends Diem from some of the criticisms that were made of him, and offers opinions of Ngo Dinh Nhu and his wife, Madame Nhu. Mr. Nolting then recalls the debates in the United States regarding Diem, and his own view that the support for Diem should continue.