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Vietnam: A Television History; Homefront USA; Interview with John Chancellor, 1982

Part of The Vietnam Collection.


John Chancellor was a White House press correspondent during the early Johnson administration. In 1965, he became director of Voice of America. Here he describes President Johnson’s relationship with the media and his mission at Voice of America. He discusses the challenge of broadcasting America’s first “televised war” and describes tension for journalists between covering anti-war activity and amplifying it. He recalls Spiro Agnew’s attack on the press. Finally, he describes the stages of war news coverage and the evolving relationship between the press and the government.

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Vietnam: A Television History
Homefront USA
Program Number



Interview with John Chancellor, 1982

Series Description

This 13 part series covers the history of Vietnam from France's colonial control, through the 1945 revolution, to the 1975 U.S. evacuation from Saigon and the years beyond. The series' objective approach permits viewers to form their own conclusions about the war. 101--Roots of a War--Despite cordial relations between American intelligence officers and Communist leader Ho Chi Minh in the turbulent closing months of World War II, French and British hostility to the Vietnamese revolution laid the groundwork for a new war. 102--The First Vietnam War (1946-1954)--The French generals expected to defeat Ho's rag-tag Vietminh guerrillas easily, but after eight years of fighting and $2.5 billion in U.S. aid, the French lost a crucial battle at Dienbienphu--and with it, their Asian empire. 103--America's Mandarin (1954-1963)--To stop the spread of communism in Southeast Asia, America replaced France in South Vietnam--supporting autocratic President Ngo Dinyh Diem until his own generals turned against him in a coup that brought political chaos to Saigon. 104--LBJ Goes to War (1964-1965)--With Ho Chi Minh determined to reunite Vietnam, Lyndon Baines Johnson determined to prevent it, and South Vietnam on the verge of collapse, the stage was set for massive escalation of the undeclared Vietnam War. 105--America Takes Charge (1965-1967)--In two years, the Johnson Administration's troop build-up dispatched 1.5 million Americans to Vietnam to fight a war they found baffling, tedious, exciting, deadly and unforgettable. 106--America's Enemy (1954-1967)--The Vietnam War as seen from different perspectives: by Vietcong guerrillas and sympathizers; by North Vietnamese leaders; by rank and file; and by American held prisoner in Hanoi. 107--Tet (1968)--The massive enemy offensive at the Lunar New Year decimated the Vietcong and failed to topple the Saigon government, but led to the beginning of America's military withdrawal. 108--Vietnamizing the War (1968-1973)--President Nixon's program of troop pull-outs, stepped-up bombing and huge arms shipments to Saigon changed the war, and left GI's wondering which of them would be the last to die in Vietnam. 109--Cambodia and Laos--Despite technical neutrality, both of Vietnam's smaller neighbors were drawn into the war, suffered massive bombing, and in the case of Cambodia, endured a post-war holocaust of nightmare proportions. 110--Peace is at Hand (1968-1973)--While American and Vietnamese continued to clash in battle, diplomats in Paris argued about making peace, after more than four years reaching an accord that proved to be a preface to further bloodshed. 111--Homefront USA--Americans at home divide over a distant war, clashing in the streets as demonstrations lead to bloodshed, bitterness and increasing doubts about the outcome. 112--The End of the Tunnel (1973-1975)--Through troubled years of controversy and violence, U.S. casualties mounted, victory remained elusive and American opinion moved from general approval to general dissatisfaction with the Vietnam war. 113--Legacies--Vietnam is in the Soviet orbit, poorer than ever, at war on two fronts; America's legacy includes more than one half million Asian refugees, one half million Vietnam veterans and some questions that won't go away. Series release date: 9/1983

Program Description

Americans at home divide over a distant war, clashing in the streets as demonstrations lead to bloodshed, bitterness and increasing doubts about the outcome.



Asset Type

Raw video

Media Type


National Broadcasting Company, inc.
Television stations
Mass media--Influence
Vietnam (Democratic Republic)
Vietnam War, 1961-1975
Vietnam--Politics and government
Vietnam War, 1961-1975--Personal narratives, American
Television broadcasting of news
Mass media and war
Vietnam War, 1961-1975--Mass media and the war
Language and languages--Political aspects
Vietnam (Republic)
Blacks and mass media
Presidents--United States--Election
Political conventions
United States--Politics and government
United States--History--1945-
War and Conflict
Ellison, Richard (Series Producer)
Chancellor, John, 1927-1996 (Interviewee)
Publication Information
WGBH Educational Foundation
Rights Summary

No materials may be re-used without references to appearance releases and WGBH/UMass Boston contract. 2) It is the liability of a production to investigate and re-clear all rights before re-use in any project. Rights Holder: WGBH Educational Foundation

Chicago: “Vietnam: A Television History; Homefront USA; Interview with John Chancellor, 1982,” 10/07/1982, WGBH Media Library & Archives, accessed October 25, 2016, http://openvault.wgbh.org/catalog/V_0056A13A3C4D40A1BBD7F9649B7A5CC2.
MLA: “Vietnam: A Television History; Homefront USA; Interview with John Chancellor, 1982.” 10/07/1982. WGBH Media Library & Archives. Web. October 25, 2016. <http://openvault.wgbh.org/catalog/V_0056A13A3C4D40A1BBD7F9649B7A5CC2>.
APA: Vietnam: A Television History; Homefront USA; Interview with John Chancellor, 1982. Boston, MA: WGBH Media Library & Archives. Retrieved from http://openvault.wgbh.org/catalog/V_0056A13A3C4D40A1BBD7F9649B7A5CC2
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