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Vietnam: A Television History; Legacies; Interview with David R. Hawk, 1983

Part of The Vietnam Collection.

07/29/1983

David R. Hawk is a human rights activist and researcher, having served at Executive Director of Amnesty International and a director of the United Nations human rights office. He was a civic rights activist in college and graduate school at the time of the escalation of the Vietnam War. He describes his human rights work in Cambodia in the mid-1970’s, including the “extreme measures” being taken by the Khmer Rouge on its own population. He addresses inconsistencies in stated U.S. policy toward Cambodia versus that for South Vietnam. He details famine, starvation, forced marches, and human rights violations caused by or committed by Cambodian authorities.


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Series
Vietnam: A Television History
Program
Legacies
Program Number

113

Title

Interview with David R. Hawk, 1983

Series Description

This 13 part series covers the history of Vietnam from France's colonial control, through the 1945 revolution, to the 1975 U.S. evacuation from Saigon and the years beyond. The series' objective approach permits viewers to form their own conclusions about the war. 101--Roots of a War--Despite cordial relations between American intelligence officers and Communist leader Ho Chi Minh in the turbulent closing months of World War II, French and British hostility to the Vietnamese revolution laid the groundwork for a new war. 102--The First Vietnam War (1946-1954)--The French generals expected to defeat Ho's rag-tag Vietminh guerrillas easily, but after eight years of fighting and $2.5 billion in U.S. aid, the French lost a crucial battle at Dienbienphu--and with it, their Asian empire. 103--America's Mandarin (1954-1963)--To stop the spread of communism in Southeast Asia, America replaced France in South Vietnam--supporting autocratic President Ngo Dinyh Diem until his own generals turned against him in a coup that brought political chaos to Saigon. 104--LBJ Goes to War (1964-1965)--With Ho Chi Minh determined to reunite Vietnam, Lyndon Baines Johnson determined to prevent it, and South Vietnam on the verge of collapse, the stage was set for massive escalation of the undeclared Vietnam War. 105--America Takes Charge (1965-1967)--In two years, the Johnson Administration's troop build-up dispatched 1.5 million Americans to Vietnam to fight a war they found baffling, tedious, exciting, deadly and unforgettable. 106--America's Enemy (1954-1967)--The Vietnam War as seen from different perspectives: by Vietcong guerrillas and sympathizers; by North Vietnamese leaders; by rank and file; and by American held prisoner in Hanoi. 107--Tet (1968)--The massive enemy offensive at the Lunar New Year decimated the Vietcong and failed to topple the Saigon government, but led to the beginning of America's military withdrawal. 108--Vietnamizing the War (1968-1973)--President Nixon's program of troop pull-outs, stepped-up bombing and huge arms shipments to Saigon changed the war, and left GI's wondering which of them would be the last to die in Vietnam. 109--Cambodia and Laos--Despite technical neutrality, both of Vietnam's smaller neighbors were drawn into the war, suffered massive bombing, and in the case of Cambodia, endured a post-war holocaust of nightmare proportions. 110--Peace is at Hand (1968-1973)--While American and Vietnamese continued to clash in battle, diplomats in Paris argued about making peace, after more than four years reaching an accord that proved to be a preface to further bloodshed. 111--Homefront USA--Americans at home divide over a distant war, clashing in the streets as demonstrations lead to bloodshed, bitterness and increasing doubts about the outcome. 112--The End of the Tunnel (1973-1975)--Through troubled years of controversy and violence, U.S. casualties mounted, victory remained elusive and American opinion moved from general approval to general dissatisfaction with the Vietnam war. 113--Legacies--Vietnam is in the Soviet orbit, poorer than ever, at war on two fronts; America's legacy includes more than one half million Asian refugees, one half million Vietnam veterans and some questions that won't go away. Series release date: 9/1983

Program Description

Vietnam is in the Soviet orbit, poorer than ever, at war on two fronts; America's legacy includes more than one half million Asian refugees, one half million Vietnam veterans and some questions that won't go away.

Duration

00:27:42

Asset Type

Raw audio

Media Type

Audio

Subjects
Cambodia--History--1979-
Holocaust
Vietnam War, 1961-1975--Influence
Communism
Diseases
Cambodia--History--Civil War, 1970-1975
Propaganda, Communist
Medicine
Genocide
Vietnam War, 1961-1975--Cambodia
Terrorism
Political persecution
Journalists
Photojournalists
Concentration camps
Communism and intellectuals
Execution sites
Migration and refugees
Rice
Economic development
Famine
Executions and executioners
Human rights
Relocation (Housing)
Confession
Genres
Documentary
Topics
War and Conflict
Creators
Ellison, Richard (Series Producer)
Contributors
Hawk, David R. (Interviewee)
Publication Information
WGBH Educational Foundation
Rights Summary

No materials may be re-used without references to appearance releases and WGBH/UMass Boston contract. 2) It is the liability of a production to investigate and re-clear all rights before re-use in any project. Rights Holder: WGBH Educational Foundation

Citation
Chicago: “Vietnam: A Television History; Legacies; Interview with David R. Hawk, 1983,” 07/29/1983, WGBH Media Library & Archives, accessed December 8, 2016, http://openvault.wgbh.org/catalog/A_D818B73626E7435E87934BCB71626CF5.
MLA: “Vietnam: A Television History; Legacies; Interview with David R. Hawk, 1983.” 07/29/1983. WGBH Media Library & Archives. Web. December 8, 2016. <http://openvault.wgbh.org/catalog/A_D818B73626E7435E87934BCB71626CF5>.
APA: Vietnam: A Television History; Legacies; Interview with David R. Hawk, 1983. Boston, MA: WGBH Media Library & Archives. Retrieved from http://openvault.wgbh.org/catalog/A_D818B73626E7435E87934BCB71626CF5
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