the Diem period, in 1963, what were the policies of the Diem regime towards the ethnic
minorities? Did they want to divide and rule the ethnic minorities, did
they relocate you, and so on? Please describe the situation to us.
on I was in charge of the sixth zone. During this period
the Ngo Dinh Diem's policies were
to carry out the strategic hamlet
and to establish concentration camps, creating the
largest prison camp in the Darlac
area. To this end, they relocated the population from the
plain areas and other provinces here.
For example, they relocated the population from Kontum
here even. They tried to
establish a chain of strategic
in order to provide a defense parameter for Darlac
. This was because they
important strategic area in the Western highlands. Therefore, they
relocated people here.
To this end, they carried out a policy of dividing the
various ethnic groups from each other, of pitching the various religious
groups against each other and of creating racial tension between the
highlanders and the lowlanders. This was the greatest problem at the
Then, in addition to that, was psychological warfare.
This was especially because under the French, in 1948, there
came into being the FULRO movement. This FULRO movement was already in operation by 1954, having been created by the French colonialists.
was carrying out the policy of strategic hamlets
and concentration camps and enlarging the
prison camps at the same time be was opening up the military rice
plantations along this line: If the inhabitants were Catholics then he
called them the military rice plantations. If the inhabitants were
ethnic minorities, then he called these places "concentration camps" or
This was what he did. He forbade the ethnic minority
people to go deep into the forests and the mountains, or to distant
places. He was afraid that these people would try to connect up with the
extremely furtive. He created, in addition, various minority political
parties in the hope of creating division between the different ethnic
minorities and of maintaining the FULRO
we had the policy of
destroying the strategic
. The main thing we did was to rally the people and to
educate the people to carry out the policy of "two legged and three
pronged offensive" which included simultaneous political struggles,
military struggles and struggles among the Saigon controlled population.
Therefore, the peoples of the various ethnic
minorities created a very large movement to destroy the strategic hamlet program
created by Americans and the Diem
regime. The movement here was the strongest as compared to the movement
in the plain areas and the other provinces. The movement to destroy the
was strongest here. The local population coordinated
their activities with the armed forces to destroy the strategic hamlets
Actually, the armed forces attacked the military rice
plantations and the local inhabitants destroyed the strategic hamlets
enemy weapons. As a result, we were able to establish a base in this
In fact, we had revolutionary
bases everywhere. The movement became extremely widespread by the
beginning of 1965. From that time on, there was
a Limited War in this area. This was another strategy by the Americans
to smash the movement in this area.