The reason we can assume
that Israel has nuclear weapon is that it has operated un-safeguarded nuclear facilities for a
number of years. It has collaborated with France in carrying out nuclear tests in Algeria and
elsewhere. And finally, it has had access to advanced technology related to nuclear weapons
development, and access to the results of nuclear tests in other countries.
I didn't say so. That
reason is, that if I say US, it creates political problem... Pakistan is one of the poorest
countries as far as the availability of conventional energy resources is concerned. Its energy
base is very small. The total per capita reserves of fossil fuels in Pakistan amount to six
month supply for an average American citizen. The energy consumption is one tenth of the world average.
The electricity consumed by an average Pakistani is one fiftieth of that of an average US
citizen every year. Over the next sixteen years or so we will need an additional 15,000
megawatts, and our resources of hydro and coal and gas and oil cannot meet more than one
half of this requirement. So we anticipate a gap of at least 8,000 megawatts by the
year 2000. This has to be met, either by importation of oil or coal, or by use of nuclear power.
And we find that in our context nuclear power offers the cheapest solution. That is why we are
interested in the development of nuclear power. The other aspects of our nuclear program include
applications in agriculture and medicine. We operate in the commission three nuclear
agricultural centers and we have been fairly successful in developing through radiation mutation
new varieties of crops such as cotton, wheat, rice and so on. For instance, last year we had a
bumper crop of cotton largely because the Pakistan Atomic Energy Commission developed a new
variety of cotton which has revolutionized our cotton growing. So we are getting the economic
benefits of peaceful applications of atomic energy in agriculture. In the field of medicine the
Commission is operating eight nuclear medical centers where we treat about
125,000 patients every year. So this lends credibility, social credibility, to
our nuclear energy program in the country. That is why this program is very much appreciated by
the people at large.