Boston’s 1960s Civil Rights Movement: A Look Back
The Boston’s 1960s Civil Rights Movement: A Look Back collection was created in the spirit of the African symbol Sankofa that in the Akan language of Ghana is loosely translated as “Go Back to Fetch It,” meaning to learn from one’s past. It consists of more than 14-hours of GBH radio and television programming created during the 1963-1967 period of the civil rights movement in Boston. The collection provides an opportunity for students and scholars to get a closer look at some of the historic events in Boston’s civil rights history as they actually unfolded, from the perspective of the activists, participants and other stakeholders.
The collection features discussion panels presenting the views of local civil rights leaders, educators and other activists that provide the historical context of the efforts of Boston Branch of the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP), African American parents and their allies to desegregate the Boston Public Schools a decade before the court-ordered busing in the 1970s. It also includes broadcasts and interviews with local and national civil rights leaders, community residents, the clergy and public officials related to events such as the March on Roxbury, the NAACP Sit-In at the Boston Public School Headquarters, 15 Beacon Street, the Mothers for Adequate Welfare Sit-In and the Roxbury Uprising. The bulk of the Boston’s 1960s Civil Rights Movement collection is the more than 8-hours of programming that focuses on the 1963 and 1964 Stay-Out for Freedom campaigns, a nonviolent, direct action movement against de facto segregation in the Boston Public Schools led by James Breeden and Noel Day. One of the first school boycotts in the North, it is also the subject of the accompanying essay. It includes radio recordings of interviews with the leaders and children, press conferences and live broadcasts of the day’s activities of the Freedom Schools.
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Dr. Audrea F. Jones Dunham
Dunham was born and raised in the Roxbury section of Boston. She earned a Ph.D. in African American Studies from Temple University and has taught African American Studies at Georgia State University and Delaware State University. She has served on the Board of the National Council for Black Studies and as an associate editor of the Journal of Black Studies.Her research interest which focuses on women in social movements is largely attributable to the early influences of many of the local civil rights activists in Boston, and to her own subsequent activism as a student in the Stay-Out for Freedom campaigns, the Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. March, and later as the leader of the Massachusetts State Chapter of the Black Panther Party during the 1960s. She has published an article about the Roxbury-based Mothers for Adequate Welfare (MAW) organization, Fight for a Change! MAW and the Evolution of the Welfare Rights Movement in Boston in the International Journal of Africana Studies, and is currently completing a book-length manuscript of the same title.
Adviser Consulted During the Creation of this Collection: Dr. Charles E. Jones