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War and Peace in the Nuclear Age; Carter's New World; Interview with Roland Timerbaev, 1986 [2]

Part of War and Peace in the Nuclear Age.


Roland Timerbaev, a world expert in the area of nuclear non-proliferation, served on the Soviet delegation of the Strategic Arms Limitation Talks (SALT) and was deputy director of the USSR Ministry of Foreign Affairs from 1964 to 1985. In the interview he describes nonproliferation efforts through the 1960s and 1970s. He starts with Atoms for Peace, which encouraged both nuclear cooperation and nonproliferation of nuclear weapons, and the establishment of the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA). He moves onto the Nuclear Nonproliferation Treaty (NPT), the negotiations for which he participating in. He describes the negotiating process, as well as the difficulties and successes of the treaty. He also describes the Nuclear Supplier Group, and the actions of the Soviet Union, United States, and Great Britain, in terms of supplier nuclear materials to developing countries. He reacts to the Chinese and Indian nuclear explosions, as well as the nuclear programs of near nuclear countries like Israel and Pakistan.

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War and Peace in the Nuclear Age
Carter's New World
Program Number



Interview with Roland Timerbaev, 1986 [2]

Series Description

The first atomic explosion in the New Mexico desert on July 16, 1945, changed the world forever. This series chronicles these changes and the history of a new era. It traces the development of nuclear weapons, the evolution of nuclear strategy, and the politics of a world with the power to destroy itself.

In thirteen one-hour programs that combine historic footage and recent interviews with key American, Soviet, and European participants, the nuclear age unfolds: the origin and evolution of nuclear weapons; the people of the past who have shaped the events of the present; the ideas and issues that political leaders, scientists, and the public at large must confront, and the prospects for the future. Nuclear Age highlights the profound changes in contemporary thinking imposed by the advent of nuclear weapons. Series release date: 1/1989

Program Description

President Carter comes to office determined to reduce the number of nuclear weapons and to improve relations with the Soviet Union. His frustrations are as grand as his intentions.

Carter had hoped the United States and the Soviet Union would reduce their reliance on nuclear weapons. He stopped production of the B-1 bomber. He believed the SALT II negotiations would be a step toward eliminating nuclear weapons. But his intentions were frustrated by Soviet actions and by a lack of consensus among his own advisors, including Chief SALT II negotiator Paul Warnke and national security advisor Zbigniew Brzezinski (who was dubious about arms control). Carter balanced Soviet aggression in Africa by improving American relations with China. He withdrew SALT II treaty from Senate consideration but its terms continued to serve as general limits on strategic nuclear force levels for both the United States and the Soviet Union.



Asset Type

Raw video

Media Type


Soviet Union
Baruch Plan (1946)
Eisenhower, Dwight D. (Dwight David), 1890-1969
International Atomic Energy Agency
Nuclear nonproliferation
Carter, Jimmy, 1924-
Nuclear Suppliers Group
Nuclear weapons -- Testing
Multilateral force (Nuclear strategy)
Treaty on the Non-proliferation of Nuclear Weapons (1968)
United Nations
Atoms for Peace (U.S.)
Goldschmidt, Bertrand
Nuclear energy
Kennedy, John F. (John Fitzgerald), 1917-1963
Nuclear Test Ban Treaty (1963)
Nuclear weapons
United States
Great Britain
New York, NY
Global Affairs
War and Conflict
Timerbaev, R. M. (Roland Makhmutovich) (Interviewee)
Publication Information
WGBH Educational Foundation
Chicago: “War and Peace in the Nuclear Age; Carter's New World; Interview with Roland Timerbaev, 1986 [2],” 11/26/1986, GBH Archives, accessed December 6, 2023,
MLA: “War and Peace in the Nuclear Age; Carter's New World; Interview with Roland Timerbaev, 1986 [2].” 11/26/1986. GBH Archives. Web. December 6, 2023. <>.
APA: War and Peace in the Nuclear Age; Carter's New World; Interview with Roland Timerbaev, 1986 [2]. Boston, MA: GBH Archives. Retrieved from
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