(beeps) This'll be 120. [inaudible].
Take 120 (clapsticks)
So far as the,the cause of the defeat or, or why did it happen then...or who do you blame for the defeat of the South Vietnamese in, in 1975, I I have to...think about a a a rather complex set of factors, I think. One is that the... nn South Vietnamese Army and Air Force were greatly outgunned in terms of fire power, at the particular locations in which the battles took place, and the South Vietnamese did have, had no reserves to move in and shift the battle.
They didn't have the reserves to move and they didn't have the means to move them because the United States had cut their military budget so drastically that they had nothing, nothing to use for that purpose...Ah, they were extremely short on all classes, all categories of supplies at that time. So they, and, and this, ah...the United States' ah, refusal to continue to support them, of course, had attendant psychological efforts upon al—all of the ARVN all of the, the soldiers, and all of the officers, and all of the leadership of South Vietnam.
Ah, so there was a psychological problem; I think that they felt that defeat was around the corner. Their leadership, at the highest echelons, in my opinion, was never very good ah, they had no George Washington who could have brought them through this...period of extreme peril. And also I remember that in the great offensive of 1972
, where the armed forces of Vietnam fought again extremely well and very hard, and managed to hold the North Vietnamese offensive, ah, away from Saigon
, and to maintain, in fact, control of all of all of their province capitals.
This was done without any United States ground troops, it's true but, we did supply them extremely heavy, ah, air support, and this was crucial in the defense of several of the areas in which they were attacked. They couldn't have done it without it. And they couldn't do it, certainly, in 1975 without, out our support...Those are the main reasons, I think, for the collapse at that time. Did I get of, ah, enough in there?