Oh, well, ah...it is quite difficult to get into the details of the problem, but in general terms I would say that ah it was ah so easy for ah everyone to get a share of the pie, that aaah, ah money was so easily available that it very easily corrupted everyone.
I think a concrete example. For instance for the businessman it is for him to get some sort of authorization from the government to import such and such a product. You see. By the time he can import it, import it into South Vietnam such and such product he can sell to the ehhh, open market with ehhhh, quite a substantial difference.
He gets a lot of money from it and by the time he gets a lot of money ehhh, ah fr—from it he he was very willing to share one part of the money to those officials who grant to him the permission to import ah, such a products. You see.
Another concreted example and ah ah the Americans by the time they came to South Vietnam, they need to construct a lot of ah housing, for a a lot of barracks and for the camps for the soldiers and so forth, you see, and they need the Vietnamese, South Vietnamese entrepreneurs to do it, you see. And, the South Vietnamese entrepreneur, they rush into these project but in the same time for having the facilities from the authorities and and they have to pay in in in their ah their share in it.
And, so it was a kind of very, very easy situation ahh, where ah money was available for everyone, and ah, it tends to create a situation in which eh, corruption became a more than a temptation for, for those people ah, in this outside world as well as for those people inside the government.