Tran Van Ngo:
I myself saw that the people
worked very hard, under the pouring rain and the burning sun, and yet
they could not get enough to eat. Then the peasants had to pay heavy
taxes. By the time a boy became 18 years of age, for example, he had to
pay a head tax of 2.5 piasters.
While the village inhabitants were already that
exploited, all the organizations, the local despots and the village
officials ganged up to repress us. Above these people, we also had the
repressive machineries of the district and the prefecture.
I myself had to hire out my
labor in order to survive. Therefore, I knew that I was being exploited
and oppressed. So when the nation and Ho Chi Minh called on me, I joined the Viet Minh in order to help
liberate our country and to deliver our people – among them myself and
my family – from all the suffering and hardship.