A last question. During 1975, which was the last year of the war, what were the military activities of the Communist as well as the nationalist forces in Vietnam? Please tell us the battlefield situation until March 1975.
Dang Van Son:
Your question is a general question about the situation in 1975 as well as the conditions of the Republic of Vietnam and its morale. So let me briefly summarize the situation in this way. The year 1975 was the most tumultuous year. The Communists concentrated all their efforts in occupying South Vietnam. Why did the Communists concentrated all their efforts in occupying the southern part of Vietnam? This was because, first of all, the Communists saw that the United States had retreated and had abandoned South Vietnam.
They realized that the United States would never again come to the aid of the Army of the Republic of Vietnam. For this reason, they wanted to quickly take over all their targets in the South. However, as you know, the fighting by the Army of the Republic of Vietnam was extremely brave and ferocious. Until the very last minute the paratroop units were still fighting. However, the withdrawal of the American troops had...It can be said that the abandonment of South Vietnam (by the United States) had somewhat demoralized the soldiers in the armed forces of the Republic of Vietnam.
As far as Can Tho
province and the IV Corps area were concerned, it can be said that in 1975
the Communists were not yet able to carry out any kind of activity or to conduct any large military operation or to infiltrate the IV Corps area in any way. This was because General Nguyen Khoa Nam was a very good general who had a lot of talent and who was a very loyal person. Nguyen Khoa Nam was a person who lied to carry out military operations. And the military units in the IV Corps area were all very contentious and brave.
For this reason, they were able to defend the South...Sorry, they were able to defend the IV Corps area, never allowing the Communist to infiltrate it. This was true until the very last moment. But it was really quite painful when the order to surrender came from General Duong Van Minh. And General Nguyen Khoa Nam bravely killed himself. Colonel Ho Ngoc Can, the provincial chief of Chuong Thien , also decided to fight until the end when he was arrested and executed. These heroes of the Republic of Vietnam...Until this very moment, there are still many who are in the marquis carrying out the struggle. Their morale is very high.
Dang Van Son:
, in reality, the Communists were able to throw two regiments into the province of Vinh Long
. This was in the district of...I am sorry I don’t remember the name of the district, but it was next to Can Tho
. The Communists were so overjoyed because they thought that as soon as they arrived in the area they would be able to take over everything. But these two regiments met with a very heavy and bitter defeat only five days before the loss of South Vietnam. These two regiments were...I don’t remember what the names of these two regiments were.
But they were two regular regiments. These two regiments were attacked unexpected at night by Hoa Hao adherents with hand-grenades. And so the two regiments disintegrated. As for the other units, I don’t think any of them were able to infiltrate into the provinces of the IV Corps area. However, there were a few districts in provinces such as Chuong Thien and Ba Xuyen which fell into the hands of the Communists because we just abandoned them according to our plans.