open Vault

WGBH Media Library and Archives
Displaying items 1 - 10 of 76 Start over 
Preview
Text
after he had refused to accept the draft brought about by Dr. Kissinger at the end of 1972, but in practical terms Enhance Plus Program didn't represent as much in terms of military value to the South Vietnamese because it was, it was quite a kind of heterogeneous equipment brought from Iran, brought, . Can you describe what happened in March 1965 and how the Americans arrived without any consultation or prior knowledge of the South Vietnamese government? Phone rings in background. Take it off. Camera roll. Mark it. Slate 2. Take 1, ...July when another, when there was another big American buildup? Yes, in July 1965 I remember that ah, President Johnson by this time decided to send to South Vietnam more than 150,000 troops. I was at this time, ah, Special Assistant to Prime
Summary
South Vietnam’s Ambassador to the United States under President Nguyen Van Thieu, Bui Diem recounts the American arrival in March 1965, the troop build up the following July, and the impact this had on South Vietnam.
Date Created
06/03/1981
Media
Video, Transcript
Program
Vietnam: A Television History / Vietnamizing the War (1968 - 1973)
Preview
Text
. If Watergate had not occurred, I still believe that there would have been Congressional action to preclude the kind of military support which was necessary to help South Vietnam. Watergate may have had an impact, but there was still this tremendous anti-Vietnam war reaction that was reflected in the Congress, went down to the other end of Pennsylvania Avenue and opposed the War Powers Resolution because it was impractical on the one hand and, I think, unconstitutional on the other. I still believe today that Congress ought to either repeal the War Powers Resolution or significantly, in August of 1974, I wrote the heads of state or the heads of government of all of our allies, including President Thieu of Vietnam. In the particular case of the letter to President Thieu, I reaffirmed US support for the South Vietnamese in a very general way, but I specifically indicated that I
Summary
Gerald R. Ford had been president of the United States for nine months when in 1975, Saigon, the capital of South Vietnam, fell to the North Vietnamese, effectively ending US military involvement in Vietnam. He frames the closing of the war in terms of diplomacy—both between the United States and the South Vietnam and between the executive branch and Congress... more
Date Created
04/29/1982
Media
Video, Transcript
Program
Vietnam: A Television History / End of the Tunnel, The (1973 - 1975)
Preview
Text
to another place where we had to dig and then pull up the corpses again. 583 on the end Clapstick
Summary
Thruong Yem describes being forced by American soldiers to exhume mass graves in Thuy Bo in 1967.
Date Created
03/03/1981
Media
Video, Transcript
Preview
Text
the cease fire, we believed that the South Vietnamese had a bit the better of it in the final jockeying for position and that ah and that the outlook for them was ah was ah a hopeful one. However, we caveated it and we said in the end things will still seem to turn on the Americans, it by themselves they could do a lot? But, but in the end, in the end, they would need to count on the Americans. Uh, why couldn't they do it? Uh, the North had, had nothing like the resources at its disposition that we gave to the South. Uh, and I think the answers, as close as I can get, fire, we said we thought the South Vietnamese had a little bit the better of it, ah, in the positioning that had gone one but that ah in the long run, it was still going to depend on ah on on the Americans and ah that this is what the South Vietnamese believed. And, that if, if, if things went badly
Summary
Richard Moose was on the staff of the United States Senate Foreign Relations Committee from 1969 – 1975. He describes his mission in Vietnam after the ceasefire in 1974 to assess the situation of how the South Vietnamese were positioned in terms of military equipment provided by the Americans and the possibilities of South Vietnam’s survival... more
Date Created
10/23/1981
Media
Video, Transcript
Preview
Text
of them, that while the enemy had shown that he could hit a number of South Vietnamese cities, hard, even after years of bombing, and...of search and destroy missions and all the rest of it, that he could still come out...that...that, that was terribly depressing uh, to me, at any rate. But the word came back from the embassy that, in fact, it had been a great victory for our side. The, the enemy had lost these assets, the South Vietnamese, . The cables flowed through from the military headquarters and from the Embassy in Saigon saying that we’re, we have survived, the South Vietnamese have survived, the enemy has suffered a terrible defeat, he made a great
Summary
Harry McPherson served as Special Counsel to LBJ from 1965 to 1969 and was Johnson’s chief speechwriter from 1966 to 1969. McPherson begins the interview by recalling the conflicted mood at the White House following the Tet Offensive. The optimism found in military cables and official information clashed with televised images showing the nation that the war was resulting in massive loss of human life and that a prisoner could be shot at point-blank range... more
Date Created
04/23/1981
Media
Video, Transcript
Program
Vietnam: A Television History / Tet, 1968
Preview
Text
VIETNAM PROJECT FINAL DAYS Col. Le Gro SR 454 This is the 13th of November, 1981 and we’re in the Presidio in San Francisco for the Vietnam Project for WGBH in Boston. I have been told the correct way to slate for this is the Vietnam Project TVP013. Elizabeth Deane producer, Final Days, . I really believe that the Secretary did the best possible job, but leaving large North Vietnamese regular formations in the South was a situation that the South could not contend with. They couldn't defeat those major formations, and those major formations had the capability, from the very beginning, furthermore denied the South Vietnamese, because they had no capability essentially, any means to counter North Vietnamese continued buildup in the North. In other words, the territory North of the Demilitarized Zone was sacrosanct. The United States agreed not to continue any military action against
Summary
William E. Le Gro was a colonel in Vietnam and author of "Vietnam from Cease-Fire to Capitulation." Le Gro reports that he felt the Paris Peace Accord was doomed from the start, at least in terms of maintaining a cease fire, but that its purpose for the United States—to disengage the US from Vietnam and to ensure the return of American prisoners of war—was a success... more
Date Created
11/03/1981
Media
Video, Transcript
Program
Vietnam: A Television History / End of the Tunnel, The (1973 - 1975)
Preview
Text
, who made up the South Vietnamese opposition at the end of the Vietnam War? A certain number of people, some of whom were extremely sympathetic, extremely brilliant, honest, patriotic, yet who along with the rest, was that the Republic of Vietnam, South Vietnam- given the position of Thieu's government- was bound to suffer progressive disintegration. Little by little, bit by bit, towards what it was difficult to predict. And in a corner lay, reaction, snowball, which would lead to rapid crumbling of the regime. It was an hypothesis that I always had in mind, because without going too far back into the history of South Vietnam, in 1972 there was a communist
Summary
French Diplomat Pierre Brochand served in Saigon and describes the last days of the American presence there. He discusses the failed opposition movement in South Vietnam, and recalls chaotic scenes during the fall of Saigon and the American evacuation.
Media
Video, Transcript
Preview
Summary
GI's in Vietnam listen to Richard M. Nixon speech proposing cease-fire: troops of 4th cavalry 25th division gathered around a radio, large group fills the screen with khaki, very good shot. Nixon's voice heard: "...propose that all forces throughout IC cease firing their weapons...a ceasefire in place...an end to the killing.." Med. shots and close-ups. Strong sense of the troops, different races, bare chests, khaki. Visual of radios. At end of speech, music again on radio as group breaks up. Good atmosphere.
Date Created
10/08/1970
Media
Video
Program
American Experience / Nixon
Preview
Text
the right and wrong of the US commitment in Vietnam for more than indicated between the '65 and til the end in '75. But, eh, I would like to stress the point of view of a Vietnamese who look at the problem and who happen to have ah participated here in Washington in many of the developments at this time. Let us put aside the problem of right and wrong of the US commitment in South Vietnam. But, from the point of view of the Vietnamese, we would say that we think the US in terms of a responsible great nation whether it was wrong or right, we hoped and we believe strongly by then that the United States would believe as a respectable nation. Suppose that you are wrong by this time, you cannot say after committing the more than half a million troops in South Vietnam and well, putting the whole house in shambles and say that well, we are wrong. Let us ah call it quits and you leave
Summary
Former South Vietnam ambassador to the United States, Bui Diem recalls the tension between South Vietnam and the United States post 1975. Bui Diem discusses President Nguyen Van Thieu’s growing isolation from the United States and the trouble Bui Diem experienced as he tried to improve the image of South Vietnam.
Date Created
10/23/1981
Media
Video, Transcript
Program
Vietnam: A Television History / End of the Tunnel, The (1973 - 1975)
Preview
Text
the point of view of the uh South Vietnamese uh government uh you know rather uh than from the uh point of view of the United States government. You know, again, that's a hard thing to do, but as an advisor I think you ought to uh, you know, use the point of view of how do the people, . Well, here we are and you're, despite your looking at this from a, trying to look at it from a South Vietnamese point of view. Nevertheless, you're an American and you come from one kind of culture, they're Vietnamese and they come from another kind of culture. As you approach the problem, let's try to be specific, and went into a hamlet or a number of hamlets, what kinds of problems did you encounter as two cultures try to work side by side? Well, you know, it's very difficult uh you know to put yourself in uh as an America into the South
Summary
Robert Montague was a General in the United States Army. He first went to Vietnam in 1963 and was involved in the early planning of the war. In 1966, he was a Director of the Office of Civil Operations, focusing on the American effort of pacification. He discusses his reservations about the military escalation of US forces into South Vietnam, and his role in creating the estimates for General Westmoreland regarding the decision of whether or not to escalate... more
Date Created
08/26/1982
Media
Audio, Transcript