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Ten O'Clock News; Development of Mandela the leader


Upon his release, Carmen Fields interviews South African exiles Themba Vilakazi and Janet Levine about the life and political development of Nelson Mandela. Vilakazi and Levine discuss Mandela's beginnings as a lawyer, his arrest and imprisonment, and his refusal to renounce armed struggle as a means to end apartheid. They talk about the importance of Mandela as a symbol. Levine talks about Winnie Mandela and her role in the struggle against apartheid. Vilakazi says that apartheid laws are still in place and that black South Africans are still struggling against the white regime. Fields notes that the figure of Nelson Mandela embodies the struggle of a nation. Fields's report includes footage and photographs of Nelson Mandela and Winnie Mandela from the 1950s to the present and footage of events in South Africa from the 1950s to the present.

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Ten O'Clock News

Development of Mandela the leader

Series Description

NIGHTLY NEWS WITH CHRISTOPHER LYDON AND CARMEN FIELDS Began January 1976. Replaced evening news show EVENING COMPASS. Original host: Steve Nevas. Other anchors, Christopher Lydon (1977-91) and Gail Harris (1983). In 1980 - hour long. Ended in 1991.

(PREDECESSORS: Louis Lyons began news operations at WGBH in 1952. The News at 10 began in 1966. The Reporters premiered in 1970. The Evening Compass started in 1974.) Series release date: 1/1976



Asset Type

Broadcast program

Media Type


South Africa
Mandela, Nelson, 1918-
Role models
Anti-apartheid movements
Mandela, Winnie
South Africa
News Report
Fields, Carmen (Reporter)
Chicago: “Ten O'Clock News; Development of Mandela the leader,” 06/20/1990, WGBH Media Library & Archives, accessed October 28, 2016, http://openvault.wgbh.org/catalog/V_CBC5082FAF7E480FA60A5BEB7D65246E.
MLA: “Ten O'Clock News; Development of Mandela the leader.” 06/20/1990. WGBH Media Library & Archives. Web. October 28, 2016. <http://openvault.wgbh.org/catalog/V_CBC5082FAF7E480FA60A5BEB7D65246E>.
APA: Ten O'Clock News; Development of Mandela the leader. Boston, MA: WGBH Media Library & Archives. Retrieved from http://openvault.wgbh.org/catalog/V_CBC5082FAF7E480FA60A5BEB7D65246E
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