China In Revolution: Battle for Survival, 1911-1936
Battle For Survival: 1911 - 1936
Undigitized item: Request Digitization
Untranscribed item: Request Transcription
- China In Revolution: Battle for Survival, 1911-1936
- Program Number
- Program Description
The film describes the rise to power of the two charismatic leaders who would dominate China’s long and bloody revolution - Chiang Kai-shek and Mao Ze-dong. Chiang, a protege of Nationalist Party leader Sun Yat-sen, first achieved national prominence when he embarked on the Northern Expedition, a military campaign that united the country. Chiang established a Nationalist government in Nanking and bolstered his prestige with modernization programs that won him support in the cities of China.
Unlike Chiang Kai-shek, Mao Ze-dong believed that the key to revolution lay in the countryside, where most of China’s people lived. In the 1930s, Mao moved to Jiangxi Province and set up a Communist base, or “soviet,” to test his theories. The Communists’ activities unleashed a violent class struggle in the countryside, and Chiang retaliated with a series of military campaigns in Jiangxi which eventually defeated the Communists.
In October 1934, nearly 87,000 Communists, including Mao Ze-dong, were forced out of Jiangxi on a grueling retreat that became known to the world as the Long March. On this 6,000-mile journey, the Communists lost over 90% of their supporters and were left with only about 5,000 people.
- Asset Type
- Media Type
- Global Affairs
- Chicago: “China In Revolution: Battle for Survival, 1911-1936,” 08/24/1989, WGBH Media Library & Archives, accessed February 20, 2018, http://openvault.wgbh.org/catalog/V_C89319B629D34DEE8AB519AF10DF6D6A.
- MLA: “China In Revolution: Battle for Survival, 1911-1936.” 08/24/1989. WGBH Media Library & Archives. Web. February 20, 2018. <http://openvault.wgbh.org/catalog/V_C89319B629D34DEE8AB519AF10DF6D6A>.
- APA: China In Revolution: Battle for Survival, 1911-1936. Boston, MA: WGBH Media Library & Archives. Retrieved from http://openvault.wgbh.org/catalog/V_C89319B629D34DEE8AB519AF10DF6D6A