War and Peace in the Nuclear Age; Haves and Have-Nots; Interview with Cyrus Vance, 1987
Part of War and Peace in the Nuclear Age.
Cyrus Vance was the Secretary of the Army from 1962-1964, the Deputy Secretary of Defense from 1964-1967, and the Secretary of State under Jimmy Carter from 1977-1980. In the interview he discusses SALT II and international relations during that time. He describes President Carter's commitment to a "deep cuts" approach to arms control. He also describes the Soviet's involvement in Africa, Cuba, and Afghanistan and the American normalization of relations with China. He argues against Dr. Kissinger's idea of linkage between arms control and foreign policy, which he thinks unnecessarily complicates negotiations and risks significant progress. He describes the failure of SALT II and the reasons behind it.
- War and Peace in the Nuclear Age
- Haves and Have-Nots
- Program Number
Interview with Cyrus Vance, 1987
- Series Description
The first atomic explosion in the New Mexico desert on July 16, 1945, changed the world forever. This series chronicles these changes and the history of a new era. It traces the development of nuclear weapons, the evolution of nuclear strategy, and the politics of a world with the power to destroy itself.
In thirteen one-hour programs that combine historic footage and recent interviews with key American, Soviet, and European participants, the nuclear age unfolds: the origin and evolution of nuclear weapons; the people of the past who have shaped the events of the present; the ideas and issues that political leaders, scientists, and the public at large must confront, and the prospects for the future. Nuclear Age highlights the profound changes in contemporary thinking imposed by the advent of nuclear weapons. Series release date: 1/1989
- Program Description
A case study of the dynamics of nuclear proliferation: China triggers India and India triggers Pakistan in the competition to have their own nuclear weapons.
In 1953 President Eisenhower announced the Atoms for Peace program. This marked a total reversal of American foreign policy. Americans would give material to allow countries to build reactors. “So overnight we passed from nuclear middle age to nuclear renaissance,” recalls French atomic scientist Bertrand Goldschmidt. The Soviet Union started its own program and helped China learn to build a bomb. The first Chinese nuclear blast was in 1964. Indian defense expert K. Subrahmanyam recalls that a nuclear China prompted India to set off a “peaceful” nuclear explosion in 1974. “There is no such thing as a peaceful nuclear explosion,” responds General A. I. Akram of the Armed Forces of Pakistan. “’74 was a watershed. It brought the shadow of the bomb to South Asia, and that shadow is still there.”
- Asset Type
- Media Type
- Strategic Arms Limitation Talks II
- Warnke, Paul C., 1920-2001
- Gromyko, Andrei Andreevich, 1909-1989
- Nixon, Richard M. (Richard Milhous), 1913-1994
- Nitze, Paul H.
- Nuclear weapons
- Brzezinski, Zbigniew, 1928-
- MX (Weapons system)
- United States
- Carter, Jimmy, 1924-
- Brown, Harold, 1927-
- Horn of Africa
- Pipes, Richard
- Soviet Union
- Neutron bomb
- Schlesinger, James R.
- Kissinger, Henry, 1923-
- Dobrynin, Anatoly, 1919-2010
- Multiple independently targetable reentry vehicles
- Nuclear arms control
- Committee on the Present Danger (U.S.)
- New York, NY
- War and Conflict
- Global Affairs
- Vance, Cyrus R. (Cyrus Roberts), 1917-2002 (Interviewee)
- Publication Information
- WGBH Educational Foundation
- Chicago: “War and Peace in the Nuclear Age; Haves and Have-Nots; Interview with Cyrus Vance, 1987,” 01/29/1987, WGBH Media Library & Archives, accessed August 11, 2020, http://openvault.wgbh.org/catalog/V_A3D2B0C52B304484A8F58A699C2ABEC7.
- MLA: “War and Peace in the Nuclear Age; Haves and Have-Nots; Interview with Cyrus Vance, 1987.” 01/29/1987. WGBH Media Library & Archives. Web. August 11, 2020. <http://openvault.wgbh.org/catalog/V_A3D2B0C52B304484A8F58A699C2ABEC7>.
- APA: War and Peace in the Nuclear Age; Haves and Have-Nots; Interview with Cyrus Vance, 1987. Boston, MA: WGBH Media Library & Archives. Retrieved from http://openvault.wgbh.org/catalog/V_A3D2B0C52B304484A8F58A699C2ABEC7