WGBH Openvault

Vietnam: A Television History; American and South Vietnamese Evacuees

Part of The Vietnam Collection.

04/19/1975

This film shows the command ship USS Blue Ridge (LCC-19) as it arrived at Subic Bay Naval Station. It also shows the Navy tug YTB-798 and the amphibious transport dock USS Denver (LPD-9) as they were at the dock. The aircraft carrier USS Hancock (CVA-19) is seen as it raised its anchor and backed away while Vietnamese women and children waved goodbye to it. Marines are shown as they cleaned their rifles and various scenes show Vietnamese evacuees as they were on the different ships.


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Series
Vietnam: A Television History
Title

American and South Vietnamese Evacuees

Series Description

This 13 part series covers the history of Vietnam from France's colonial control, through the 1945 revolution, to the 1975 U.S. evacuation from Saigon and the years beyond. The series' objective approach permits viewers to form their own conclusions about the war. 101--Roots of a War--Despite cordial relations between American intelligence officers and Communist leader Ho Chi Minh in the turbulent closing months of World War II, French and British hostility to the Vietnamese revolution laid the groundwork for a new war. 102--The First Vietnam War (1946-1954)--The French generals expected to defeat Ho's rag-tag Vietminh guerrillas easily, but after eight years of fighting and $2.5 billion in U.S. aid, the French lost a crucial battle at Dienbienphu--and with it, their Asian empire. 103--America's Mandarin (1954-1963)--To stop the spread of communism in Southeast Asia, America replaced France in South Vietnam--supporting autocratic President Ngo Dinyh Diem until his own generals turned against him in a coup that brought political chaos to Saigon. 104--LBJ Goes to War (1964-1965)--With Ho Chi Minh determined to reunite Vietnam, Lyndon Baines Johnson determined to prevent it, and South Vietnam on the verge of collapse, the stage was set for massive escalation of the undeclared Vietnam War. 105--America Takes Charge (1965-1967)--In two years, the Johnson Administration's troop build-up dispatched 1.5 million Americans to Vietnam to fight a war they found baffling, tedious, exciting, deadly and unforgettable. 106--America's Enemy (1954-1967)--The Vietnam War as seen from different perspectives: by Vietcong guerrillas and sympathizers; by North Vietnamese leaders; by rank and file; and by American held prisoner in Hanoi. 107--Tet (1968)--The massive enemy offensive at the Lunar New Year decimated the Vietcong and failed to topple the Saigon government, but led to the beginning of America's military withdrawal. 108--Vietnamizing the War (1968-1973)--President Nixon's program of troop pull-outs, stepped-up bombing and huge arms shipments to Saigon changed the war, and left GI's wondering which of them would be the last to die in Vietnam. 109--Cambodia and Laos--Despite technical neutrality, both of Vietnam's smaller neighbors were drawn into the war, suffered massive bombing, and in the case of Cambodia, endured a post-war holocaust of nightmare proportions. 110--Peace is at Hand (1968-1973)--While American and Vietnamese continued to clash in battle, diplomats in Paris argued about making peace, after more than four years reaching an accord that proved to be a preface to further bloodshed. 111--Homefront USA--Americans at home divide over a distant war, clashing in the streets as demonstrations lead to bloodshed, bitterness and increasing doubts about the outcome. 112--The End of the Tunnel (1973-1975)--Through troubled years of controversy and violence, U.S. casualties mounted, victory remained elusive and American opinion moved from general approval to general dissatisfaction with the Vietnam war. 113--Legacies--Vietnam is in the Soviet orbit, poorer than ever, at war on two fronts; America's legacy includes more than one half million Asian refugees, one half million Vietnam veterans and some questions that won't go away. Series release date: 9/1983

Duration

00:11:23

Asset Type

Stock footage

Media Type

Video

Subjects
Nationalism and communism
Zambales (Philippines)
United States. Navy
Civilians in war
Navy-yards and naval stations
Vietnam War, 1961-1975
Evacuation of civilians
National liberation movements
Subic Bay Naval Station (Philippines)
Refugees
Locations
Zambales, Philippines
Genres
Documentary
Topics
War and Conflict
Creators
Ellison, Richard (Series Producer)
Publication Information
NARA
Citation
Chicago: “Vietnam: A Television History; American and South Vietnamese Evacuees,” 04/19/1975, WGBH Media Library & Archives, accessed December 9, 2016, http://openvault.wgbh.org/catalog/V_84487CE074A84FADAD90C91BF75F650D.
MLA: “Vietnam: A Television History; American and South Vietnamese Evacuees.” 04/19/1975. WGBH Media Library & Archives. Web. December 9, 2016. <http://openvault.wgbh.org/catalog/V_84487CE074A84FADAD90C91BF75F650D>.
APA: Vietnam: A Television History; American and South Vietnamese Evacuees. Boston, MA: WGBH Media Library & Archives. Retrieved from http://openvault.wgbh.org/catalog/V_84487CE074A84FADAD90C91BF75F650D
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