WGBH Openvault

Healthy Sleep; Sleep Expert Bites

11/05/2007

Discovery of REM Sleep Dr. Robert Stickgold describes the discovery of rapid eye movement during sleep, a milestone in sleep research in the 1950s. Duration: 0:55 Invention of the Light Bulb Dennis Dean discusses how the light bulb has exposed the human system to light at times that would normally be dark, and the impact this has had on how long people sleep. Duration: 1:15 Sleep, Learning, and Memory Dr. Robert Stickgold discusses how sleep plays a role in memory, both before and after a new learning situation. Duration: 1:52 Sleep and Health Dr. Orfeu Buxton describes how animal and human studies suggest that adequate sleep is crucial for a long and healthy life. Duration: 0:36 Sleep Deprivation and Cardiovascular Risk Dr. Janet Mullington discusses how studies suggest a link between sleep deprivation and increased risk for cardiovascular disease. Duration: 0:31 Sleep and Judgment Dr. Robert Stickgold discusses a study that suggests a link between sleep loss and increased impairment in judgment. Duration: 1:06 Factors That Affect Performance Dr. Charles Czeisler describes four factors that affect alertness and performance. Duration: 1:43 Drowsy Driving File name: sleep07_czeisler_driving.mov Dr. Charles Czeisler discusses the link between motor vehicle accidents and tired drivers. Duration: 0:42 Sleep and Dreams Dr. Robert Stickgold describes the physiological underpinnings for why we might dream about the things we do. Duration: 1:11 Changes in the Body During Sleep Dr. Thomas Scammell describes the changes that the body goes through during a typical night of sleep. Duration: 0:43 REM and NREM Sleep Dr. Thomas Scammell describes the different stages of sleep and their characteristics. Duration: 1:21 Sleep Patterns Across the Night Dr. Thomas Scammell describes the cycles of REM and NREM sleep that occur throughout the night. Duration: 0:46 Brain Activity During REM Sleep Dr. Steven Shea describes the brain’s activity during REM sleep. Duration: 0:29 The Brain and Sleep Dr. Thomas Scammell discusses how structures and chemicals in the brain are responsible for producing both wakefulness and sleep. Duration: 2:04 The Biological Clock and Sleep Homeostat Dr. Charles Czeisler describes the interaction between the internal biological clock and the sleep homeostat. Duration: 1:25 Caffeine and Sleep Dr. Lawrence Epstein describes how caffeine works to promote alertness, but can also inhibit restful sleep. Duration: 0:43 Smoking and Sleep Dr. Lawrence Epstein describes how nicotine in cigarettes can prevent or disrupt sleep. Duration: 0:56 Alcohol and Sleep Dr. Stephen Amira describes how alcohol consumption can lead to disrupted sleep. Duration: 0:26 Sleep Changes in Children Dr. Richard Ferber describes the typical changes in sleep from early childhood through adolescence. Duration: 1:05 Sleep Problems in Older Adults Dr. Jean Duffy describes some of the underlying causes of sleep problems in older adults. Duration: 1:17 Larks, Owls, and Genetics Dr. Anne-Marie Chang describes how certain genes can affect whether an individual feels more alert and active in the morning or in the evening. Duration: 1:19 Shift Work and Sleep Problems Dr. Charles Czeisler describes some of the sleep problems that are typical to shift workers. Duration: 1:14 The Social Challenges of Daytime Sleep Dennis Dean describes how social factors and family obligations make sleeping during the day difficult for those working at night. Duration: 0:44 Shift Work and Ways to Improve Sleep Dr. Charles Czeisler suggests some healthy sleep strategies for night shift workers. Duration: 1:29 Jet Lag and How to Mitigate its Effects Dennis Dean describes how jet lag affects the body and suggests ways to minimize the negative effects. Duration: 1:11 Ways to Ensure Good Sleep Dr. Lawrence Epstein describes the importance of maintaining a healthy lifestyle to ensure good sleep. Duration: 0:55 Discussing Sleep With Your Doctor Dr. Larry Epstein describes the types of questions that doctors should be asking patients about their sleep. Duration: 0:42 What to Expect from a Sleep Evaluation Dr. Larry Epstein discusses what to expect from a sleep evaluation and sleep study. Duration: 1:39 Considering Medication vs. Behavioral Approaches Dr. Stephen Amira discusses how an individual might decide whether to choose sleep medication, a behavioral approach, or a combination of the two. Duration: 1:31 Maintaining a Consistent Wake Time Dr. Stephen Amira describes the importance of waking up at the same time each day. Duration: 1:13 Over-the-Counter Sleep Medications Dr. Lawrence Epstein discusses over-the-counter sleep medications. Duration: 0:34 To Nap or Not? Dr. Stephen Amira discusses the benefits of short naps. Duration: 0:35 Discovery of Sleep Inertia Dr. Charles Czeisler describes the discovery of the phenomenon of sleep inertia by the U.S. Air Force in the 1950s. Duration: 1:06 Sleep Study and Memory Dr. Robert Stickgold describes studies that show the importance of sleep in memory consolidation after learning a new task. Duration: 0:43


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Series
Healthy Sleep
Program
Sleep Expert Bites
Series Description

Healthy Sleep: Understanding the third of our lives we so often take for granted is a Web site that aims to help the general public understand sleep and to get the sleep they need. It is based on the belief that sleep is of equal importance to two other key aspects of health: proper nutrition and regular exercise. Together, these three—nutrition, exercise, and sleep—form the three pillars of health.

A production of WGBH Educational Foundation and the Harvard Medical School Division of Sleep Medicine. Series release date: 1/2/2008

Program Description

Discovery of REM Sleep Dr. Robert Stickgold describes the discovery of rapid eye movement during sleep, a milestone in sleep research in the 1950s. Duration: 0:55

Invention of the Light Bulb Dennis Dean discusses how the light bulb has exposed the human system to light at times that would normally be dark, and the impact this has had on how long people sleep. Duration: 1:15

Sleep, Learning, and Memory Dr. Robert Stickgold discusses how sleep plays a role in memory, both before and after a new learning situation. Duration: 1:52

Sleep and Health Dr. Orfeu Buxton describes how animal and human studies suggest that adequate sleep is crucial for a long and healthy life. Duration: 0:36

Sleep Deprivation and Cardiovascular Risk Dr. Janet Mullington discusses how studies suggest a link between sleep deprivation and increased risk for cardiovascular disease. Duration: 0:31

Sleep and Judgment Dr. Robert Stickgold discusses a study that suggests a link between sleep loss and increased impairment in judgment. Duration: 1:06

Factors That Affect Performance Dr. Charles Czeisler describes four factors that affect alertness and performance. Duration: 1:43

Drowsy Driving File name: sleep07_czeisler_driving.mov Dr. Charles Czeisler discusses the link between motor vehicle accidents and tired drivers. Duration: 0:42

Sleep and Dreams Dr. Robert Stickgold describes the physiological underpinnings for why we might dream about the things we do. Duration: 1:11

Changes in the Body During Sleep Dr. Thomas Scammell describes the changes that the body goes through during a typical night of sleep. Duration: 0:43

REM and NREM Sleep Dr. Thomas Scammell describes the different stages of sleep and their characteristics. Duration: 1:21

Sleep Patterns Across the Night Dr. Thomas Scammell describes the cycles of REM and NREM sleep that occur throughout the night. Duration: 0:46

Brain Activity During REM Sleep Dr. Steven Shea describes the brain’s activity during REM sleep. Duration: 0:29

The Brain and Sleep Dr. Thomas Scammell discusses how structures and chemicals in the brain are responsible for producing both wakefulness and sleep. Duration: 2:04

The Biological Clock and Sleep Homeostat Dr. Charles Czeisler describes the interaction between the internal biological clock and the sleep homeostat. Duration: 1:25

Caffeine and Sleep Dr. Lawrence Epstein describes how caffeine works to promote alertness, but can also inhibit restful sleep. Duration: 0:43

Smoking and Sleep Dr. Lawrence Epstein describes how nicotine in cigarettes can prevent or disrupt sleep. Duration: 0:56

Alcohol and Sleep Dr. Stephen Amira describes how alcohol consumption can lead to disrupted sleep. Duration: 0:26

Sleep Changes in Children Dr. Richard Ferber describes the typical changes in sleep from early childhood through adolescence. Duration: 1:05

Sleep Problems in Older Adults Dr. Jean Duffy describes some of the underlying causes of sleep problems in older adults. Duration: 1:17

Larks, Owls, and Genetics Dr. Anne-Marie Chang describes how certain genes can affect whether an individual feels more alert and active in the morning or in the evening. Duration: 1:19

Shift Work and Sleep Problems Dr. Charles Czeisler describes some of the sleep problems that are typical to shift workers. Duration: 1:14

The Social Challenges of Daytime Sleep Dennis Dean describes how social factors and family obligations make sleeping during the day difficult for those working at night. Duration: 0:44

Shift Work and Ways to Improve Sleep Dr. Charles Czeisler suggests some healthy sleep strategies for night shift workers. Duration: 1:29

Jet Lag and How to Mitigate its Effects Dennis Dean describes how jet lag affects the body and suggests ways to minimize the negative effects. Duration: 1:11 Ways to Ensure Good Sleep Dr. Lawrence Epstein describes the importance of maintaining a healthy lifestyle to ensure good sleep. Duration: 0:55

Discussing Sleep With Your Doctor Dr. Larry Epstein describes the types of questions that doctors should be asking patients about their sleep. Duration: 0:42

What to Expect from a Sleep Evaluation Dr. Larry Epstein discusses what to expect from a sleep evaluation and sleep study. Duration: 1:39

Considering Medication vs. Behavioral Approaches Dr. Stephen Amira discusses how an individual might decide whether to choose sleep medication, a behavioral approach, or a combination of the two. Duration: 1:31

Maintaining a Consistent Wake Time Dr. Stephen Amira describes the importance of waking up at the same time each day. Duration: 1:13

Over-the-Counter Sleep Medications Dr. Lawrence Epstein discusses over-the-counter sleep medications. Duration: 0:34

To Nap or Not? Dr. Stephen Amira discusses the benefits of short naps. Duration: 0:35

Discovery of Sleep Inertia Dr. Charles Czeisler describes the discovery of the phenomenon of sleep inertia by the U.S. Air Force in the 1950s. Duration: 1:06

Sleep Study and Memory Dr. Robert Stickgold describes studies that show the importance of sleep in memory consolidation after learning a new task. Duration: 0:43

Asset Type

Broadcast program

Media Type

Video

Topics
Health
Citation
Chicago: “Healthy Sleep; Sleep Expert Bites,” 11/05/2007, WGBH Media Library & Archives, accessed December 5, 2016, http://openvault.wgbh.org/catalog/V_5FD7F7DC37834D689CD569A046DF8300.
MLA: “Healthy Sleep; Sleep Expert Bites.” 11/05/2007. WGBH Media Library & Archives. Web. December 5, 2016. <http://openvault.wgbh.org/catalog/V_5FD7F7DC37834D689CD569A046DF8300>.
APA: Healthy Sleep; Sleep Expert Bites. Boston, MA: WGBH Media Library & Archives. Retrieved from http://openvault.wgbh.org/catalog/V_5FD7F7DC37834D689CD569A046DF8300
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