War and Peace in the Nuclear Age; At the Brink; Interview with Fyoder Burlatsky, 1986
Part of War and Peace in the Nuclear Age.
Fedor Burlatskii (Fyoder Burlatsky) was a speechwriter for Nikita Khrushchev and an adviser to Mikhail Gorbachev. In the interview he discusses the Cuban Missile Crisis of 1962 and subsequent Soviet-American relations. He describes Kennedy and Khrushchev before the missile crisis, and explains the motivations that led the Soviets to put missiles in Cuba. He describes the lessons of the Missile Crisis; especially that it is possible to avoid a nuclear war even in a tense conflict. He describes the personal relationship between Khrushchev and Kennedy (including his views of the different socio-economic backgrounds of the two leaders), as well as Khrushchevs feelings about the American people. He think that the American people, especially its leadership, do not learn lessons from their past, whereas the Soviets take into account what they learned from World War II, the Cuban Missile Crisis, etc. He also gives an account of his personal family history during World War II.
- War and Peace in the Nuclear Age
- At the Brink
- Program Number
Interview with Fyoder Burlatsky, 1986
- Series Description
The first atomic explosion in the New Mexico desert on July 16, 1945, changed the world forever. This series chronicles these changes and the history of a new era. It traces the development of nuclear weapons, the evolution of nuclear strategy, and the politics of a world with the power to destroy itself.
In thirteen one-hour programs that combine historic footage and recent interviews with key American, Soviet, and European participants, the nuclear age unfolds: the origin and evolution of nuclear weapons; the people of the past who have shaped the events of the present; the ideas and issues that political leaders, scientists, and the public at large must confront, and the prospects for the future. Nuclear Age highlights the profound changes in contemporary thinking imposed by the advent of nuclear weapons. Series release date: 1/1989
- Program Description
In October 1962, the Soviet Union and the United States are at the brink of nuclear war, the 13 most harrowing days in the nuclear age.
“I remember leaving the White House at the end of that Saturday and thinking that might well be the last sunset I ever saw,” recalls former Secretary of Defense Robert McNamara of Black Saturday, the day the Cuban missile crisis pushed the world to the brink of nuclear war. Aleksandr Alexseev, Soviet ambassador to Cuba at the time, recalled, “We and the Cubans decided that, in order to avoid a United States invasion, we should supply Cuba with missiles.” The US effort to overthrow Fidel Castro at the Bay of Pigs was an expression of President Kennedy’s disbelief about the missiles in Cuba while it surprised Soviet leader Khrushchev according to his speechwriter,Feodor Burlatsky. Major General William Fairborne, speaks about how “We loaded whole blood and a hundred coffins onto the carrier Iwo Jima.” Looking back on those 13 days, former Secretary of State Dean Rusk reflects, “...we’ve got to find some way to inhabit this speck of dust in the universe at the same time.”
- Asset Type
- Media Type
- Soviet Union
- Sorensen, Theodore C.
- Nuclear weapons -- Testing
- Strategic Defense Initiative
- Mao, Zedong, 1893-1976
- Carter, Jimmy, 1924-
- Brezhnev, Leonid Il?ich, 1906-1982
- McNamara, Robert S., 1916-2009
- United States
- Berlin (Germany)
- Nuclear disarmament
- Khrushchev, Nikita Sergeevich, 1894-1971
- Nixon, Richard M. (Richard Milhous), 1913-1994
- Cuba -- History -- Invasion, 1961
- World War II
- Vietnam War, 1961-1975
- Nuclear Test Ban Treaty (1963)
- Nuclear arms control
- Reagan, Ronald
- Nuclear weapons
- Kennedy, John F. (John Fitzgerald), 1917-1963
- Dulles, John Foster, 1888-1959
- Moscow, Russia
- Global Affairs
- War and Conflict
- Burlatskii, Fedor Mikhailovich (Interviewee)
- Publication Information
- WGBH Educational Foundation
- Chicago: “War and Peace in the Nuclear Age; At the Brink; Interview with Fyoder Burlatsky, 1986,” 03/28/1986, WGBH Media Library & Archives, accessed October 24, 2016, http://openvault.wgbh.org/catalog/V_386F2E79ADBB44DBBBBA724A89556C9F.
- MLA: “War and Peace in the Nuclear Age; At the Brink; Interview with Fyoder Burlatsky, 1986.” 03/28/1986. WGBH Media Library & Archives. Web. October 24, 2016. <http://openvault.wgbh.org/catalog/V_386F2E79ADBB44DBBBBA724A89556C9F>.
- APA: War and Peace in the Nuclear Age; At the Brink; Interview with Fyoder Burlatsky, 1986. Boston, MA: WGBH Media Library & Archives. Retrieved from http://openvault.wgbh.org/catalog/V_386F2E79ADBB44DBBBBA724A89556C9F