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America At War; U.s.- Mexican War

09/14/1998

Hour of Sacrifice, The /The Battle for Mexico City


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Series
America At War
Program
U.s.- Mexican War
Program Number

103W

Series Description

This series explores the events surrounding the conflict between neighboring nations struggling for land, power and national identity. This year marks the 150th anniversary of the end of the war that changed the boundaries of the two countries. Despite its enormous impact, the war is a chapter in history that few Americans know a lot about but that few Mexicans will ever forget. For the first time, the story of this significant encounter is told on national television from multiple perspectives, with prominent historians from both countries examining the conflict. Series release date: 1998

Program Description

This series explores the events surrounding the conflict between neighboring nations struggling for land, power and national identity. This year marks the 150th anniversary of the end of the war that changed the boundaries of the two countries. Despite its enormous impact, the war is a chapter in history that few Americans know a lot about but that few Mexicans will ever forget. For the first time, the story of this significant encounter is told on national television from multiple perspectives, with prominent historians from both countries examining the conflict. 101w Neighbors and Strangers/War for the Borderlands A decade before the U.S.-Mexican war, Mexico is still suffering in the aftermath of a devastating war for independence from Spain. To the north, the United States is expanding its territory at a pace that alarms the Mexican government. Led by a band of rebels composed primarily of U.S. immigrants, Texas breaks free from Mexico and declares its independence. Tensions mount when Texas is later annexed by the United States. Faced with Mexico's refusal to sell any of its land, U.S. President James K. Polk is willing to use force to fulfill his ambitious plans for expansion. In 1846, U.S. and Mexican troops clash over a border dispute in Texas. President Polk orders the U.S. army and navy to conquer the Mexican territories of New Mexico and California. When Mexico refuses to surrender, Polk turns his attention to the "Halls of Montezuma," Mexico City itself. 103w The Hour of Sacrifice/The Battle for Mexico City The U.S. plan is to strike deep into Mexico's heartland: from the north with General Zachary Taylor's forces and from the sea at Veracruz with troops led by General Winfield Scott. General Antonio Lopez de Santa Anna, the former Mexican President who had failed to crush the Texas rebellion, returns from exile to unite Mexico against the U.S. threat. However, beset by internal political discord and rivalry, Santa Anna is unable to repel the invaders. A dramatic battle for Mexico City ends when the capital finally surrenders on September 14, 1847. A few months later, the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidaglo, ceding Upper California and all of the states of the present American Southwest to the United States, is signed.

Asset Type

Broadcast program

Media Type

Video

Genres
Documentary
Topics
History
War and Conflict
Citation
Chicago: “America At War; U.s.- Mexican War,” 09/14/1998, WGBH Media Library & Archives, accessed September 28, 2016, http://openvault.wgbh.org/catalog/V_20A18F9AB818438894BBF515474FB8ED.
MLA: “America At War; U.s.- Mexican War.” 09/14/1998. WGBH Media Library & Archives. Web. September 28, 2016. <http://openvault.wgbh.org/catalog/V_20A18F9AB818438894BBF515474FB8ED>.
APA: America At War; U.s.- Mexican War. Boston, MA: WGBH Media Library & Archives. Retrieved from http://openvault.wgbh.org/catalog/V_20A18F9AB818438894BBF515474FB8ED
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