NOVA; Nazi Prison Escape
Green Label Master, Ch 1/2: full mix, Ch 3/4: MED, Aspect Ratio: 16x9 Letterbox, TRT: 56:46, 12/21/00
More material is available from this program at the WGBH Archive. If you are a researcher interested in accessing the collection at WGBH, please email email@example.com.
Undigitized item: Request Digitization
Untranscribed item: Request Transcription
- Nazi Prison Escape
- Program Number
- Series Description
Premiered March 1974 NOVA is a general-interest documentary series that addresses a single science issue each week. Billed as "science adventures for curious grown-ups" when it first aired in March, 1974, NOVA continues to offer an informative and entertaining approach to a challenging subject. 1996 marked NOVA's 23rd season, which makes it the longest-running science program on national television. It is also one of television's most acclaimed series, having won every major television award, most of them many times over. Series release date: 3/3/1974
- Program Description
We've got to get out of this place! At the height of World War II, German authorities began sending their most troublesome Allied prisoners to an impregnable fortress in eastern Germany. Colditz Castle was what they called their "bad boys' camp" the ultimate escape-proof prison. But without realizing it, they had brought together the best escape brains in the Allied forces and had given them an irresistible challenge. NOVA returns to Colditz with some of its former "bad boys," who reveal how they turned the art of escape into a science, on Nazi Prison Escape. While three hundred prisoners tried to break out of Colditz during the war, they never put the most audacious scheme into action. It was a full-scale glider, built in a hidden attic with handmade tools and scavenged floorboards and bed sheets. The war ended before the ingenious "Colditz Cock" could take wing, but NOVA painstakingly re-creates the glider to prison specifications and then puts it to the test. Another bold breakout scheme involved elaborate disguises that allowed three prisoners to impersonate a distinctive-looking sergeant and two guards and then bluff their way to the main gate for a dramatic confrontation with real guards. Escapees were often equipped with an array of necessities, such as maps, money, and identity papers. Typically, maps would be smuggled into Colditz stuck between peel-apart playing cards, cast into phonograph records, or hidden by some other James Bond-style ruse. Coded messages, intercepted on the camp's secret radio, would alert prisoners to watch for, say, a record of "The British Grenadiers" in a Red Cross parcel. Simply drop the record and voila! a map showing the route to the Swiss border. The map could then be reproduced by making offset copies from a plate of lemon gelatin. A thriving camp industry forged documents that would be needed on the outside. Also useful was a compass, conveniently included in Red Cross parcels in the guise of a pencil: simply remove the pocket clip from an ordinary-looking pencil, balance the clip on the point, and voila! north! Prisoners and even a German guard tell their stories about Colditz, as do a couple of Americans who helped liberate the camp in April 1945. Robert Miller was first into the fortress, armed to the teeth and not knowing what to expect. He was greeted by cheering prisoners. Eventually, they showed him the secret room with the glider. "It was amazing," he recalls. "There was a big map. . .they had a radio, they had everything!"
- Asset Type
- Media Type
- Chicago: “NOVA; Nazi Prison Escape,” 12/21/2000, WGBH Media Library & Archives, accessed February 22, 2018, http://openvault.wgbh.org/catalog/V_0B8BBD79BB9D410EAFFB7B9C349F5427.
- MLA: “NOVA; Nazi Prison Escape.” 12/21/2000. WGBH Media Library & Archives. Web. February 22, 2018. <http://openvault.wgbh.org/catalog/V_0B8BBD79BB9D410EAFFB7B9C349F5427>.
- APA: NOVA; Nazi Prison Escape. Boston, MA: WGBH Media Library & Archives. Retrieved from http://openvault.wgbh.org/catalog/V_0B8BBD79BB9D410EAFFB7B9C349F5427